PICES 2010 Annual Meeting
North Pacific Ecosystems Today, and Challenges in Understanding and Forecasting Change
October 22-31, 2010, Portland, OR, USA
Last update - Sep. 8, 2010
Keynote Speaker

Jack Barth
Oregon State University, U.S.A.

Keynote Speaker

Jack Barth is a professor of oceanography in Oregon State University’s College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences. He received a Ph.D in Oceanography in 1987 from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Joint Program in Oceanography. Jack’s research seeks to understand the spatially and temporally variable circulation, water mass structure and ecosystem response in coastal waters. He has led a number of research, technology development and ocean observing system projects off Oregon and the Pacific Northwest. Jack was an active participant in the GLOBEC Northeast Pacific research program, including serving as Chief Scientist on several interdisciplinary research cruises. His present research includes a focus on the characteristics and formation of low-oxygen zones off Oregon. Jack’s research team uses autonomous underwater gliders to study this region, logging over 38,000 km of measurements over the last several years. He presently serves on the Oregon Ocean Policy Advisory Council’s Scientific and Technical Advisory Committee, the PICES MONITOR Committee and is a Project Scientist for the National Science Foundation’s Ocean Observatories Initiative.

Invited Speakers
Session 1 (Science Board Symposium)
North Pacific ecosystems today, and challenges in understanding and forecasting change

Enrique Curchitser
Rutgers University, U.S.A.

Science Board Symposium S1
Invited Speaker

Enrique Curchitser (enrique@marine.rutgers.edu) is an oceanographer based at Rutgers University in New Jersey, U.S.A. His main interests are the intersection of climate and ecosystems, regional climate impacts and numerical modeling. His current projects range from understanding the role of eastern boundary currents in the global climate system to downscaling climate scenarios in the Bering Sea to trying to understand the low-frequency fluctuations in the global sardine populations. Enrique is the current executive director of the U.S. GLOBEC program and is a member of PICES Working Group on Evaluation of Climate Change Projections and the ESSAS modeling working group.


Minhan Dai
Xiamen University, China

Science Board Symposium S1
Invited Speaker

Minhan Dai obtained his PhD at University of Paris VI, and is currently a Cheung Kong Chair Professor of marine biogeochemistry and the director of the State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science at Xiamen University. Minhan Dai’s research interests include carbon and trace metal biogeochemistry in marginal and estuarine systems, and geochemistry of radioactive elements in surface and ground water. Minhan Dai has published more than 60 papers in leading international journals. He is a leading PI of a “973” program on “carbon cycling in China Seas - budget, controls and ocean acidification”. He has served on many national and international committees, such as a SSC member of SOLAS and GEOTRACES. He has been the section president of Ocean Science at AOGS (Asia-Oceania Geosciences Society) in 2008-2010 and was recently elected as the Secretary General of AOGS for the term 2010-2012.


Albert Hermann
University of Washington, U.S.A.

Science Board Symposium S1
Invited Speaker

I am the son of an electrical engineer. In the early 1970s I pursued traditional biology, but ultimately focused on ecological modeling. One especially inspiring figure from that era is the late H. T. Odum, who 50 years ago described ecosystems as self-designing circuitry. In the late 1970s I spent my days sampling and modeling a freshwater marsh in Florida, followed by two years modeling the sea grasses of Chesapeake Bay at Horn Point Laboratory. In the 1980s I shifted to physical oceanography at the University of Washington in Seattle, under the guidance of Drs. Barbara Hickey and Peter Rhines. For the past 20 years I have been employed by the Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and the Oceans, collaborating with a lively team of oceanographers, atmospheric and fisheries scientists based at NOAA’s Western Regional Center. With colleagues from interdisciplinary programs (Eco-FOCI, GLOBEC, BEST/BSIERP, and PICES itself), my primary focus has been the merger of Lagrangian-IBM and Eulerian models of fish, plankton, nutrients with circulation models of the Northeast Pacific and the Bering Sea. Given the explosive growth of computer power, one enlightening (and entertaining!) aspect of this work has been the immersive 3D visualization of data and model output. Outside of work, I enjoy playing hand percussion in a local samba ensemble. I currently serve as President of the Eastern Pacific Ocean Congress (EPOC).


James Orr
Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, IPSL, France

Science Board Symposium S1
Invited Speaker


Frank Whitney
Emiritus, Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Science Board Symposium S1
Invited Speaker

I started working in oceanography in 1969, assisting with studies of trace metal distribution in the coastal waters of British Columbia. When the Controlled Ecosystem Pollution Experiment started in 1973, I moved to Vancouver Island to help manage a variety of studies on the effects of metals and organics on pelagic ecosystems. Working with some of the premier ecologists of this era was a rich experience. When our enclosure studies ended, I began working in the NE Pacific. For 17 years, I ran the Line P program, including throughout the WOCE and JGOFS eras. As WOCE ended, I had time to work with data collected for decades along Line P and at Ocean Station P. The impact of the El Niño intense 1990s produced a strong signal in the amount of nutrient being supplied to the upper ocean. My interest in nutrient transport broadened as I wrote papers on transport by mesoscale eddies and influences on sponge reef communities. Late in my career, I began to work with Line P oxygen data and realized the N Pacific Ocean interior was becoming more hypoxic. It was apparent this trend could have serious impacts on continental slope habitat, a topic that has been my recent focus. I retired from Fisheries and Oceans in 2006 and consider myself now a hobby scientist which means that sunny days and grandkids usually take priority.


Yasuhiro Yamanaka
Hokkaido University, Japan

Science Board Symposium S1
Invited Speaker

Since 1998 Dr. Yasuhiro Yamanaka has been an Associate Professor in the Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University. He received his PhD from the University of Tokyo on research about marine carbon-cycle modeling in 1995, spent one year as visiting researcher at Princeton University in 1997, and recently spent three months as visiting fellow at the University of East Anglia in 2007-2008. During his term as Assistant Professor of the Center for Climate System Research (CCSR), University of Tokyo, he developed the CCSR Ocean General Circulation Model and CCSR/NIES Climate Model contributing to IPCC TAR (2001).

He also plays as a SSC member in AIMES, a core project of IGBP from 2008. His current research includes ecosystem dynamics linking climate change and variability of fisheries resources. His goal is to develop an integrated ocean model synthesizing the physical, chemical and biological processes and to clarify dynamics and feedbacks relevant to the impact of global warming on marine ecosystems. Recently, his group developed a 3-D high-resolution (1/4 x
1/6 degrees horizontally) ecosystem model coupled with a fish migration model.


Mingjiang Zhou
Institute of Oceanology, CAS, China

Science Board Symposium S1
Invited Speaker

Mingjiang Zhou is a Distinguished Professor in the Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) in Qingdao, China. He was elected as the Chair for the Chinese LOICZ since 2005 and served as members in the GEOHAB SSC since 2004 and in the SCOR WG 132 since 2008. He was actively involved in PICES activities in the WG 8 as co-chairs and in the FIS and the WG 15 as a member. He received several academic awards including the Second Prize of Natural Science Award of CAS in 1996 and the First Prize of the Ministry of Education of China in 2003. In the last decade, his research has focused on the ecological and oceanographic mechanisms of large scale HABs repeatedly occurring in the Chinese coast. He is now taking the role as the PI again for second phase of the CEOHAB (Chinese Ecology and Oceanography of Harmful Algal Blooms, a project in the National Basic Research Priorities Programme, 2010-2014 – “973” project) sponsored by the MOST (Ministry Of Science and Technology) of China.


Session 2
Understanding the role of iron in regulating biogeochemical cycles and ecosystem structures in the North Pacific Ocean

Jay T. Cullen
University of Victoria, Canada

Session 2 Invited Speaker

Dr. Jay Cullen is an Associate Professor in the School of Earth and Ocean Sciences at the University of Victoria. He received a PhD from Rutgers University (2001) and studied as a Seward Johnson Postdoctoral Fellow at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in Massachusetts before joining the Faculty at UVic in 2003. The primary goal of his research is to understand the function and fate of trace elements in the marine environment. Cullen has developed novel analytical techniques using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), applying these as well as electrochemical and flow injection analysis to investigate the distribution and chemical speciation of trace elements in seawater. By combining analytical expertise with targeted experimental field and laboratory based investigations Cullen has made significant advances toward understanding: 1) the factors that control the biological uptake and basin scale distribution of Cd in the marine environment which is critical to efforts to reconstruct nutrient dynamics in the ocean over recent geologic past, 2) the physicochemical speciation of Fe in seawater and how Fe bioavailability affects marine primary productivity, the chemical composition of marine microbes and the ability of the oceans to absorb anthropogenic carbon dioxide.


Huiwang Gao
Ocean University China, PR China

Session 2 Invited Speaker

Huiwang Gao is a professor in Environmental Science at Ocean University of China. His research interests include atmospheric deposition and its ecosystem effects, marine ecosystem dynamics and modeling. The main aspects of interests are: 1) Dispersion and deposition of atmospheric pollutants and their effects on regional environment and marine ecosystem; 2) Modeling studies of marine pelagic ecosystem in coastal and open oceans; 3) Development of ship based air-sea mass flux measurement system; 4) Climate change and environmental health assessment. He is presently a member of the China SOLAS Scientific Steering Committee and a member and deputy director of Working Group on Marine Environmental Protection, Chinese Association of Environmental Science. He has devoted himself to the development of ADOES (Asian Dust and Ocean EcoSystem) since 2004 and is currently the co-chair of this SOLAS task team. He is active at international collaborations with Japanese and German scientists on nitrogen cycling, dust transportation and deposition, and shallow sea ecosystem modeling.

Session 3
The Practical Handbook at 50: A celebration of the life and career of Tim Parsons

Michio Aoyama
Meteorological Research Institute, Japan

Session 3 Invited Speaker

Dr. Michio Aoyama is a senior scientist at the Geochemical Research Department, Meteorological Research Institute, Japan since 1995. He works in the filed of chemical oceanography, reference materials of nutrients in seawater, changes of nutrients and biogeochemical parameters in shallow and deep oceans.

He organized three international inter-laboratory comparison studies of reference materials of nutrients in seawater in 2003, 2006 and 2008 and also held several workshops related with chemical reference materials in ocean science. The latest meeting was “2010 Paris meeting of the joint IOC-ICES Study Group on Nutrient Standards” which was held on 23-24 March 2010 at UNESCO, Paris. The meeting focused on the ongoing international collaboration to establish global comparability and traceability of the nutrient data in the world oceans. Currently he serves as a chair of the joint IOC-ICES Study Group on Nutrient Standards.

He also works on radio cesium in global ocean, re-evaluate total amount of the global fallout and confirmed that a new estimate of 765 ± 79 PBq as global 137Cs fallout for the Northern Hemisphere is 1.4 times higher than that of 545 PBq in the UNSCEAR’s estimate. He developed marine radioactivity database, a relational database, HAM database, for radioactivity in the world ocean.

He has published 74 articles in peer-reviewed journals, 14 international and national reports, and 6 data books.



David Mackas
Institute of Ocean Sciences, Fisheries and
Oceans Canada

Session 3 Invited Speaker

Dr. David Mackas (Dave.Mackas@dfo-mpo.gc.ca) is a biological oceanographer at the Institute of Ocean Sciences (Fisheries and Oceans Canada). His research focuses on zooplankton spatial distributions, on zooplankton phenology, and on how low frequency zooplankton temproal variability is linked to ocean climate. He recently co-chaired (with Hans Verheye) SCOR Working Group 125 on Comparisons of Zooplankton Time Series, and serves on the PICES BIO and MONITOR committees and on the ICES Working Group on Zooplankton Ecology. In off hours, he often exercises his Russian genome and knowledge of terrestrial ecology by foraging for wild mushrooms. But he promises to bathe thoroughly before attending the PICES Annual Meeting.


Yukihiro Nojiri
National Institute of Environmental Studies, Japan

Session 3 Invited Speaker

Vice Director, Center for Global Environmental Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES)
Manager, Greenhouse Gas Inventory Office of Japan
Professor, Interdisciplinary graduate School of Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology

Yukihiro Nojiri was born in 1956 at Fukui, Japan. He graduated Chemistry Department, University of Tokyo in 1979. His earlier work was application of emission spectrometry into aquatic environmental analysis. Since 1981, he involved research projects for ocean bottom hydrothemalism, volcanic lake surveys and greenhouse gas emission measurement from fresh water environment in NIES. After 1995, his major works are ocean carbon studies including ocean surface pCO2 observation by commercial ships over the Pacific, meso-scale iron fertilization and ocean acidification manipulation experiment. He is one of SSC members of IOCCP (International Ocean Carbon Coordination Project) and also of SOLAS (Surface Ocean and Lower Atmosphere Study).

Session 4
Census of Marine Life - Exploring ocean life: Past, present and future

Vera Alexander
University of Alaska Fairbanks, U.S.A.

Session 4 Invited Speaker


Tim Smith
World Whaling History Project, U.S.A.

Session 4 Invited Speaker

Dr. Tim D Smith received his PhD in Biomathematics at the University of Washington in 1973, and worked for NOAA as a research fisheries scientist. He also taught at the University of Hawaii, the University of Rhode Island and the University of New Hampshire from time to time. He began studying the history of fisheries science and fisheries in the mid-1980s while working for NOAA at the Northeast Fisheries Science Center in Woods Hole, MA. In the mid-1990s this resulted in a book (Scaling Fisheries). In early 2000 he initiated with the historian Poul Holm a multidisciplinary study on the history of fisheries. This became the History of Marine Animal Populations project and part of the Census of Marine Life. He continued to be active in this project after retiring from NOAA in 2005 from NOAA, with a specific focus on the history of whaling. He is now wrapping this project up, specifically working on a book on the changing spatial distribution of American whaling in the 19th century.



Paul Snelgrove
Canadian Healthy Ocean Network

Session 4 Invited Speaker

Dr. Paul Snelgrove is a Professor at Memorial University of Newfoundland’s Ocean Sciences Centre. He received his B.Sc. Hons. from Memorial, his M.Sc. from McGill University, and his Ph.D. from Massachusetts Institute of Technology / Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. He currently holds the Canada Research Chair in Boreal and Cold Ocean Systems, and studies the role of transport of larval fish and invertebrates and how these and other variables contribute to species recruitment and biodiversity patterns in marine bottom communities. He is the Director of the NSERC Canadian Healthy Oceans Network, a national research network in Canada that has partnered with Fisheries and Oceans Canada to develop new scientific approaches for sustainable oceans. He also leads the Synthesis Group that is working to pull together the findings of the Census of Marine Life. He has written a book entitled “Discoveries of the Census of Marine Life: Making Ocean Life Count” that Cambridge University Press will publish in October 2010.

Session 5
Oceanographic and demographic processes affecting the reproductive biology of exploited marine stocks

Edward Trippel
St. Andrews Biological Station, Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Session 5 Invited Speaker

Edward Trippel is a Research Scientist at the St. Andrews Biological Station, Fisheries and Oceans Canada. His long-term interest lies in fish reproduction with the aim of incorporating its elements into improved fisheries management advice in order to assist in rebuilding the depleted marine fishery resources of the North Atlantic. His extensive research in stock-recruitment theory includes characterizing gamete quality, mating behaviour and understanding the relative roles of maternal and paternal factors and temperature in shaping early life history success. Dr. Trippel is Chair of the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization Working Group on Reproductive Potential and leads this productive group in pioneering efforts to synthesize state-of-the-art knowledge required to integrate reproductive biology into stock assessment advice. He has an active international laboratory, sits on the editorial board of a number of aquatic resource journals, and enthusiastically publishes with students and colleagues. Dr. Trippel is an active member of the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) serving on a number of committees, working groups, and organizing special sessions and conferences.

Session 6
Observations of ecosystem mixing under climate change

Lorenzo Ciannelli
Oregon State University, U.S.A.

Session 6 Invited Speaker



William Gilly
Stanford University, U.S.A.

Session 6 Invited Speaker

Gilly received a BSE from Princeton University (Electrical Engineering, 1972) and a Ph.D. (Physiology and Biophysics, 1978) from Washington University with additional training at Yale University School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania and the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole. Most of his career has focused on mechanisms of electrical excitability in nerve and muscle cells and employed the giant axon system of the squid for molecular and biophysical approaches. Additional studies made in the living squid revealed unexpected complexities in how the giant axon system controls escape responses, and how mechanisms governing that control are subject to modification.
Gilly's current research concentrates on the behavior and physiology of Dosidicus gigas, the Humboldt squid. Over the last 10 years fieldwork in the Gulf of California has employed a variety of tagging techniques in order to elucidate short-term vertical movements and long-distance migrations. Parallel analyses of water-column properties and stomach-content provide a more complete picture of this intriguingly adaptable predator. Current laboratory studies assess the behavioral impacts of the physical conditions associated with the oxygen minimum zone, an environment in which the squid spends a great deal of time. Recent efforts have expanded to include northern California, Oregon and Washington as Dosidicus has been invading and establishing itself in these new regions.



Hjálmar Hátún
Faroese Fisheries Laboratory, Faroe Islands

Session 6 Invited Speaker

Hjálmar Hátún obtained his PhD from the Geophysical Institute at the University of Bergen in close collaboration with the Nansen Environmental Remote Sensing Center (NERSC) and the Faroe Marine Research Institute (FAMRI). He did his Post. Doc. at the University of Washington under the guidance of Prof. Peter Rhines.

His PhD focused on the pole-ward flow of relatively warm and saline water from the North Atlantic Ocean into the Nordic Seas – a vital branch of the climatically important ThermoHaline Circulation. Hjálmar has collectively used remote sensing data, output from numerical ocean circulation models and in situ oceanographic observations, to give a large-scale perspective of important oceanic processes in the northeastern Atlantic. In particular, he has demonstrated the importance of the Atlantic subpolar gyre for the marine climate in these subpolare waters. Using observations from novel Seagliders, which are autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) developed at the University of Washington, he has given a detailed description of large eddies (Irminer Rings) that modulate the deep water formation in the Labrador Sea.

Recently, Hjálmar has shown how the subpolar gyre regulates important components of the pelagic ecosystem in the northeastern Atlantic – reaching from phytoplankton, via zooplankton to economically important pelagic fish species and all the way to pilot whale migration. Hjálmar has published in journals such as Science, Progress in Oceanography, Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, Journal of Physical Oceanography, ICES Journal of Marine Science, AGU book chapters, Continental Shelf Research, journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology.

He serves as member in the ICES Working Group of Oceanic Hydrography, project ASOF (Arctic-Subarctic Ocean Fluxes), and he is chairing project SPACE (SubPolar Atlantic – Climate and Ecosystems).


Session 7
Economic relation between marine aquaculture and wild capture fisheries

James L. Anderson
University of Rhode Island, U.S.A.

Session 7 Invited Speaker

James L. Anderson is professor and chair of the Department of Environmental and Natural Resource Economics at the University of Rhode Island (URI). His research in the area of fisheries and aquacultural economics began in 1983 with a study on the bioeconomics of salmon ranching in the Pacific Northwest. He has published numerous research articles related to fisheries and aquaculture management, seafood marketing and international trade and seafood price forecasting. Recent work has focused analysis of scallop and tuna fisheries management, modeling the impact of aquaculture on the salmon and shrimp industries, the introduction of nonnative oysters into the Chesapeake Bay and evaluating how aquaculture and rights-based fisheries management are changing the global seafood sector. In 2003, his book, The International Seafood Trade was published and in 2007 he co-authored (with Gunnar Knapp and Cathy Roheim) The Great Salmon Run: Competition between Wild and Farmed Salmon. He has been the Editor of Marine Resource Economics since 1999. He received the Outstanding Ph.D. Thesis Award from the American Agricultural Economics Association (1984), Research Scientist of the Year Award from the URI, College of Environment and Life Sciences (1994) and the Article of the Year Award from the Editorial Board of Agricultural and Resource Economics Review (1995).

He received his B.S. in Biology and Economics from the College of William and Mary in Virginia and his Ph.D. in Agricultural and Resource Economics from the University of California, Davis.


Sun Chen
Shanghai Ocean University, PR China

Session 7 Invited Speaker

Sun Chen Obtained her PhD from the College of economics and management at the Agricultural University of China (Beijing) under the guidance of Tan Xiang-yong. Her PhD examined the market of aquatic products in China. While Sun Chen has continued her research on the aquatic products market, she has also studied the trade of aquatic products, the macroeconomic policy of fisheries, the agriculture policy. Sun Chen has published more than 40 articles in journals such as Journal of Agricultural Economic Issues, Journal of World Agriculture, Journal of Fisheries Science and three academic books.
She is currently serves as a professor in College of Economics and Management, Shanghai Ocean University and is the number of Fisheries Association of China, Institution of Fisheries Economics of Shanghai, Fisheries Association of Asia, International Institution of Economics and Trade of Fisheries.


Di Jin
Marine Policy Center, WHOI, U.S.A.

Session 7 Invited Speaker

Dr. Di Jin is a Senior Scientist at the Marine Policy Center of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. He holds a Ph.D. in Economics Marine Resources from the University of Rhode Island. He specializes in the economics of marine resources management and marine industries. Dr. Jin has substantial research experience with the commercial fishing and aquaculture industries, the offshore oil and gas industry, the marine transportation industry, and coastal management problems. His papers have been published in Aquaculture Economics and Management, Ecological Economics, Environmental and Resource Economics, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Marine Resource Economics and other journals.


Hisashi Kurokura
University of Tokyo, Japan

Session 7 Invited Speaker

Hisashi Kurokura received phD, from Graduate School of Agricultural Sciences, The University of Tokyo in 1979. The thesis title was “Studies on cryopreservation of Salmonid sperm”. After one years of work in private company as engineer for technical cooperation to developing countries, he got the position of assistant professor in Fisheries Laboratory of Faculty of Agriculture, The University of Tokyo in 1980. There, he learned techniques for environmental and ecological field survey beside his own research activities for reproduction technology of aquatic animals. In 1983, he shifted his position to Faculty of Applied biological Science, Hiroshima University and continue his research as lecturer and associate professor. He made wide and intimate human network among aquaculturists and researchers of seed production of aquatic organisms in western part of Japan, After coming back to Fisheries Laboratory of Faculty of Agriculture, The University of Tokyo, He add the studies for improvement of quality of seed for stock enhancement to his research activities. In that chance, he made many friends in local society of coastal fishing town. In 1997, he shifted his position from Department of Aquatic Biology to professor of Department of Global Agricultural Sciences, a newly established department for the international cooperation for development in agricultural field in that year. After that, he expand his research field from basic biology of aquatic organisms to social issues for the effective technology transfer and development of local societies in developing countries using his broad experiences and human net work.


Yajie Liu
University of Science and Technology, Norway

Session 7 Invited Speaker

Dr. Yajie Liu is a research fellow (research scientist) with the Centre for Economic Research at Department of Economics, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU). She obtained her Ph.D in resource and environmental economics from the University of British Columbia (UBC). Her research interests include the economics and management of natural resource uses and associated environmental issues with an emphasis on marine fisheries and aquaculture. She has developed and applied bio-economic, production and consumer demand models to tackle ecological and environmental issues associated with fisheries resources and aquaculture development. In recent years, she has been working on interaction between salmon farming and wild salmon fish stocks and fisheries in Canada and Norway.



Seong-Kwae Park
Pukyong National University, Korea

Session 7 Invited Speaker

Seong-Kwae Park is the Chief of the Department of Marine Business and Economics, Pukyong National University, Busan, Korea. He got his Ph.D. in Agricultural and Resource Economics from the University of California (Davis). Right after Ph.D., he started his research career at the Korea Rural Economic Institute in the field of fisheries policy, covering fisheries resource management, marine coastal management, fishing village and coastal tourism development and fisheries international trade. He served as a vice-chair of the OECD fisheries committee in 2000-2002. Now he is actively participating in research of highly migratory/straddling fish species management policy in the regional/sub-regional dimension. Recently he conducted a study on Assessment of Effectiveness of Improved Fisheries Management Techniques (Buyback Programs) in the Yellow Sea that was supported by the UNOPS.


Michael Rubino
NOAA Aquaculture Program, U.S.A.

Session 7 Invited Speaker

Dr. Michael Rubino is the manager of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Aquaculture Program. He joined NOAA in late 2004 to lead NOAA’s renewed commitment to marine aquaculture. Under his leadership, the NOAA has been at the forefront of a national discussion on the role of sustainable aquaculture in the U.S. seafood supply and as a viable technology for supporting and restoring valuable commercial and recreational fisheries and habitat. He is currently coordinating the development of a new national policy for marine aquaculture.

Prior to coming to NOAA, Dr. Rubino was the manager for New Funds Development for the World Bank's Carbon Finance Group. In the 1990s, Dr. Rubino was at the International Finance Corporation, a private sector affiliate of the World Bank, where he developed renewable energy and biodiversity investment funds. Earlier he was the CEO of an aquaculture R&D company and a partner in a shrimp farm in South Carolina. Dr. Rubino also served as vice-chairman of the State of Maryland's Aquaculture Advisory Committee. He holds a Ph.D. in Natural Resources from the University of Michigan.

Session 8
Impact of climate variability on marine ecosystems: Understanding functional responses to facilitate forecasting

Shin-ichi Ito
Tohoku National Fisheries Research Institute, FRA, Japan

Session 8 Invited Speaker

Dr. Shin-ichi Ito is Chief Scientist of the Physical Oceanography Section in FRA’s (Fisheries Research Agency of Japan) Tohoku National Fisheries Research Institute. Shin-ichi completed his graduate work in Physical Oceanography at Hokkaido University and converted to an observational physical oceanographer in FRA. His main field is the Oyashio Current and the mixed water region. He deployed more than 30 moorings and is handling a water glider. His research includes the development of a fish growth model coupled to the lower-trophic-level ecosystem model NEMURO.FISH (North Pacific Ecosystem Model for Understanding Regional Oceanography For including Saury and Herring).
He is Co-Chairman of the ESSAS Working Group on Modeling Ecosystem Response. Within PICES, he was Co-Chairman of the MODEL Task Team and serves now as a member of the Physical Oceanography and Climate Committee (POC), FUTURE SOFE Advisory Panel and joint PICES/ICES Working Group on Forecasting Climate Change Impacts on Fish and Shellfish (WGFCCIFS).


Franz Mueter
University of Alaska Fairbanks, U.S.A.

Session 8 Invited Speaker

Dr. Franz Mueter works as Assistant Professor at the Juneau Center of the School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks. Born and raised in northern Germany, Franz began biological studies at the Rhino-Westphalian Technical Institute in Aachen before moving to Fairbanks in 1988 to pursue graduate degrees in biological (M.S.) and fisheries oceanography (Ph.D.), as well as biostatistics (M.S.). His research initially focused on the early life history of pollock and flatfishes in nearshore waters of the Gulf of Alaska, and gradually expanded to include adult groundfish communities throughout the Gulf of Alaska and Bering Sea. He has also modeled recruitment processes of salmon in relation to temperature variability throughout the Northeast Pacific and has worked on other anadromous species in Alaskan waters, including the Arctic. His research interests currently include the effects of environmental variability on the distribution, abundance, recruitment, and survival of fishes in subarctic and arctic waters. He is particularly interested in the applied aspects of this research as they relate to the management of fisheries resources in the face of global climate changes. He serves as co-chair of ESSAS Working Group 4 on “Climate Effects at Upper Trophic Levels” and is a member of the new PICES/ICES Working Group on “Forecasting Climate Change Impacts on Fish and Shellfish”.



Hans-Otto Pörtner
Alfred Wegener Institute, Germany

Session 8 Invited Speaker

Education: University of Münster and Düsseldorf, PhD in animal physiology, 1983, Habilitation 1990; Research fellowship, German Research Council, Dalhousie and Acadia Universities, Nova Scotia; Heisenberg fellow, German Research Council, Lovelace Medical Foundation, Albuquerque, NM.

Current Position: Professor and Head, Div. of Integrative Ecophysiology, Alfred Wegener Institute for Marine and Polar Research, Bremerhaven, FRG.

Research interests:
Effects of climate scenarios on the physiology of marine animals:
1. Physiological and biochemical mechanisms limiting thermal tolerance and temperature dependent biogeography in invertebrates and fish. Cellular and whole animal energy budgets in various thermal regimes. Molecular mechanisms of thermal adaptation and limitation.
2. The concept of oxygen and capacity limited thermal tolerance as a matrix integrating temperature, oxygen and CO2 effects on marine animals and ecosystems.
3. Roles of climate oscillations in evolutionary history
More than 210 publications in peer reviewed journals, several invited contributions and keynotes.


Kazuaki Tadokoro
Tohoku National Fisheries Research Institute, FRA, Japan

Session 8 Invited Speaker

Kazuaki Tadokoro is a biological oceanographer. He received his PhD from the University of Tokyo in 1997. Then he worked in the National Research Institute of Far Seas Fisheries, Hokkaido National Fisheries Research Institute, Ocean Research Institute of the University of Tokyo, Jamstec, and Hokkaido University. He is focusing on the influence of the climatic change to the marine ecosystem of the North Pacific in his study life. And also he is collecting and managing Odate collection known as a long-term zooplankton collection in the Tohoku National Fisheries Research Institute.

Session 9
Conceptual and numerical models of HAB dynamics

Wolfgang Fennel
Leibniz Institute of Baltic Sea Research, Germany

Session 9 Invited Speaker

Wolfgang Fennel is a physicist by training and is based at the Leibniz Institute of Baltic Sea Research, at the University of Rostock, Germany. He received his PhD from the University of Rostock in 1973 and went 1976 to the Institute of Marine Research in Rostock. Since 1994 he is the Professor of Oceanography at the University of Rostock and he is the head of the department of Physical Oceanography in the Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research.
Wolfgang Fennel has experience in interdisciplinary work. His research encompasses theoretical oceanography and numerical modelling. In the last 15 years he become interested in physical biological interactions and worked on coupled physical biological models.
His current research includes work on theoretical consistent models of the food web from nutrient to fish. He is president of SCOR and editor in chief of the Journal of Marine Systems.


Theodor Smayda
University of Rhode Island, U.S.A.

Session 9 Invited Speaker

Ted Smayda is a Research Professor of Oceanography at the Graduate School of Oceanography at the University of Rhode Island. His research focus has been on Phytoplankton Ecology, with special interests in the ecological adaptations of the diverse assemblage of functional groups and life forms that comprise the marine phytoplankton, and in the environmental regulation of their blooms, succession and trophic dynamics. In addition to experimentation on keystone species and natural populations, he has carried out field research in the Gulf of Panama, Sargasso Sea, the Northwest African and Mexican (Pacific) upwelling systems, and in Norwegian and U.S. coastal waters. He has compiled a 38-year quantitative times series on plankton and habitat in Narragansett Bay, RI, documenting signficant long-term changes in phytoplankton dynamics linked to a changing climatology. His research has also focused on harmful algal bloom dynamics, and he is founder and Editor of the journal Harmful Algae. His awards include election into the Norwegian National Academy of Science, the Yasumoto Life Time Award from the International Society for the Study of Harmful Algae, and the Career Achievement Award from the Phycological Society of America.


Tamiji Yamamoto
Hiroshima University, Japan

Session 9 Invited Speaker

Tamiji Yamamoto is a Professor of the Graduate School of Biosphere Science at Hiroshima University, who has been working on water and sediment quality and their effects on the total ecosystems in semi-enclosed coastal seas. Impacts of anthropogenic activity on the Japanese coastal marine ecosystems are quite high, because of not only high material loads from the land but also intensive fisheries activity including aquaculture. His work focuses on quantifying material budgets especially of biophilic elements such as C, N and P, which will provide scientific supports for governers/managers to perform “integrated coastal zone management”. Recently his study is extending to development of practical remediation methods of sediment quality in aquaculture grounds and ports and harbors where almost no organisms are residing. He was awarded in his young age the Okada Prize for promising younger scientists from the Japanese Society of Oceanography. He was also given a prize in 2008 for his excellent publication entitled “Environmental Restoration of Semi-enclosed Coastal Seas” from the Japanese Association for Coastal Zone Studies.


Session 10
New and emerging technologies: Applications of genomics for marine ecosystem studies

Cheryl Woodley
Center for Coastal Environmental Health and Biomolecular Research, NOAA, USA

Session 10 Invited Speaker

Session 11
Identifying vulnerable marine ecosystems in the North Pacific

Takeshi Hayashibara
National Research Institute of Far Seas Fisheries, Japan

Session 11 Invited Speaker

Takeshi Hayashibara has over 20 year career as a coral reef biologist in Okinawa, Japan. In 2009, he moved to the Oceanic Ecosystem section, National Research Institute of Far Seas Fisheries, Fisheries Research Agency, Japan, as a senior research scientist. Now, he is engaged in the research activity of the VME's, which represented by cold water corals, in the high seas area.

He participated in the survey voyage in the Emperor seamounts area as a chief investigator, in the fall of 2009 and early summer of 2010. The results of these two times survey voyage will be presented at the PICES annual meeting.

Session 12
Anthropogenic forcing in North Pacific coastal ecosystems: Understanding changes in ecosystem structure and function

Tom Okey
West Coast Aquatic & University of Victoria, Canada.

Session 12 Invited Speaker

Dr. Tom Okey is the Director of Ecosystem Sciences for the West Coast Vancouver Island Aquatic Management Board. He is an Adjunct Professor in the School of Environmental Studies at the University of Victoria, Canada, and he holds a Pew Fellowship in Marine Conservation on the effects of climate change on Pacific marine life and ecosystems. He earned his Ph.D. in Zoology from the University of British Columbia, based mostly at the UBC Fisheries Centre, his M.S. in Marine Science from Moss Landing Marine Laboratories, California; and his B.S. in Biology and Environmental Studies at Saint Lawrence University. His projects include the development of an Integrated Ecosystem Assessment for the West Coast of Vancouver Island as a case study for distinguishing the effects of climate change from other anthropogenic stressors in a coastal marine setting, and as a practical application for integrating ecosystem-based and multidisciplinary marine and ocean science with policy. Other recent initiatives include the development of international networks and collaborations for the development of marine climate impacts forecasting tools, and for the development of marine climate adaptation approaches. Tom has been involved marine ecological studies in many areas of the Pacific during the last 24 years. He has worked in government, academia, the private sector, and with non-governmental conservation organisations conducting work ranging from small scale ecological field experimentation to ecological and human health risk assessments to the development and expansion of fisheries and marine conservation programs to large-scale ecosystem modelling and assessments. His original training is in marine benthic disturbance ecology, but is more recently renowned for constructing high quality and highly articulated and trophodynamic models of marine ecosystems in settings throughout the world. He has initiated and is otherwise involved in some meta-analyses of ecosystem models to understand the impacts of climate change and fisheries. He is the founder and Science Director of Conservation Science Institute.


John Stachowicz
University of California; Davis, U.S.A.

Session 12 Invited Speaker

John (Jay) Stachowicz is a marine ecologist interested in the causes of patterns of biodiversity in the sea, as well as the consequences of variation in diversity for ecosystem functioning. He uses a combined experimental and observational approach to address the consequences of changing marine biodiversity in a variety of coastal ecosystems including estuaries, seagrass beds, kelp forests, and rocky intertidal zones. He also has interests in invasion biology, particularly in what species invasions can tell us about basic questions in ecology, evolution and biogeography, and co-edited a book on that topic. Jay received his Ph.D. at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in Marine Sciences, then held a postdoctoral position at the University of Connecticut before joining the faculty at the University of California Davis in the Department of Evolution and Ecology. He is currently a professor at UCD and the Bodega Marine Lab and the Director of UCD's Center for Population Biology. He is an Aldo Leopold Leadership Fellow and regularly engages in outreach at the state and federal level regarding marine biodiversity loss.


Toshiyuki Yamaguchi
Chiba University, Japan

Session 12 Invited Speaker

I was a paleontologist who was belonging to Department of Earth Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Chiba University, Japan and works on the evolutionary systematic of barnacles based on morphology, (paleo-) ecology, (paleo-) biogeography of shallow marine fossils, their extinct and extant barnacles. After 1989, I was studying on the deep-sea hydrothermal and cold seep barnacles that are the most primitive living extant as "living fossil" and have fossil record from early Tertiary or Cretaceous in age. Recently, I am interesting on phylogeography of shallow marine and deep-sea barnacles using nucleotide sequences of DNA. I retired from Chiba University at end of this March and am now belonging to Research Institute for Integral Science, Kanagawa University, Japan.

Session 13
Comparing the two major gyres of the subarctic North Pacific - Seasonal and interannual variability and its predictability

Sanae Chiba

Session 13 Invited Speaker

Ph.D: Tokyo University of Fisheries, 2000
Study theme: Spatio-temporal variation of Antarctic zooplankton community structure.

Biological oceanography (particularly on zooplankton)

Current Research Interests
Response of the lower trophic level marine ecosystem to climatic forcing in interannual to multi-decadal scales and its basin to global scale comparison. Have been working on mechanisms of the long-term ecosystem variation particularly in the western North Pacific based on the Odate Collection, 50 yr historically collected zooplankton sample/data sets. Since FY2009, started taking part in the North Pacific CPR (Continuous Plankton Recorder) project.

Activities related to PICES
Member of MONITOR,Jan 2010 ~
Member of CCCC/CFAME, 2005~2009


Joaquim Goes
Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences, U.S.A.

Session 13 Invited Speaker

Joaquim Goes is a Senior Research Scientist at Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences in Boothbay Harbor, Maine. He obtained his M.Sc. in Marine Microbiology from the University of Bombay, India and a D.Sc in Ocean Biogeochemical Processes from Nagoya University, Japan. His major research interests centre around understanding the structure and functioning of plankton ecosystems and their response to physical forcing. For his research work, Joaquim relies on an approach that examines phytoplankton at the cellular level, where changes in phytoplankton cell physiology, biochemistry and optical properties are studied as a means of evaluating their role and response to changes in the environment. With the help of empirical or semi-analytical modeling techniques, information obtained at the cellular level is then extrapolated to regional and global scales using data from satellites and ships. Research on this front has led to the development of satellite based methods that have made it possible to assess how large-scale climatic events such as El-Niño and La Niña, the North Atlantic Oscillation impact atmospheric CO2 draw down by phytoplankton (export production). Ship and satellite studies, currently underway in the Arabian Sea, have provided the first indications of rapid ecosystem changes being brought about by global warming and the rapid decline in snow over the Himalayan-Tibetan Plateau region (Goes. Bio-optical and phytoplankton physiological studies being undertaken in the Bering Sea are aiding in the development of regional satellite ocean color algorithms that would help assess how the Bering Sea shelf ecosystem is responding to an changes in sea-ice retreat.




Osamu Isoguchi
Earth Observation Research Center, JAEA, Japan

Session 13 Invited Speaker

Osamu Isoguchi received his PhD degree in geophysics from Tohoku University. His thesis was dedicated to the time-dependent ocean circulation of the subarctic North Pacific by using altimetry. While he has continued his research on the temporal variation of the subarctic gyre, he has also studied atmosphere-topography-ocean interaction focusing on characteristic sea surface temperature (SST) and Chlorophyll events and started coastal studies using high-resolution satellite images like synthetic aperture radar (SAR). He is currently working as a researcher at the Earth Observation Research Centre (EORC) of Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) on the ocean application of remote sensing data into coastal studies.

Session 14
Marine renewable energy development in coastal and estuarine environments around the North Pacific

Henry Jeffrey
The University of Edinburgh, UK

Session 14 Invited Speaker

Henry began his career in the energy business within the North Sea oil and gas industry, then in 1998 he made the radical move into the emerging commercial marine renewables sector. One of the highlights of this was in 2000, when he was part of the project team responsible for the installation of the world’s first commercial grid-connected marine energy device. In 2003, Henry took his knowledge of the commercial marine energy sector and transferred into academia. Henry’s present position is with Edinburgh University where his responsibilities include dissemination and internationalisation of the UK Supergen Marine program and conducting the UKERC road mapping work for the marine renewables sector, which enables the identification of key technology, investment and policy requirements for the sector. More recently, this strategic interest in marine energy has lead to Henry being appointed by the International Electrotechnical Commission to convene their standard for the performance of marine energy devices and to chair the DECC Marine Action Plan technology group.


Brian Polagye
University of Washington, U.S.A.

Session 14 Invited Speaker

Brian Polagye is a Research Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Washington. He is also a member of the Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center, a partnership between Oregon State University and the University of Washington which, through its research, supports the responsible development of marine renewable energy in the United States. His research at the University of Washington focuses on various aspects of tidal energy generation including the development of instrumentation and methodologies to characterize the physical and biological environment at tidal energy sites, studies of biofouling and corrosion of device component materials, and evaluations of the environmental risks associated with tidal energy project development. His doctoral research applied numerical models to estimate the extractable tidal energy resource and understand the regional environmental implications of extracting that energy. He recently helped to organize Environmental Effects of Tidal Energy: A Scientific Workshop, held in Seattle, WA in March, 2010, which brought together over seventy subject matter experts to discuss high priority areas of environmental concern in collaborative, small group sessions.

Session 15
Development and use of ocean observing and forecasting systems in coastal and marine management

Sonia D. Batten
Sir Alister Hardy Foundation for Ocean Science, UK/Canada

Session 15 Invited Speaker

Dr Sonia Batten (soba@sahfos.ac.uk) is a biological oceanographer with the Sir Alister Hardy Foundation for Ocean Science which operates the Continuous Plankton Recorder survey. After completing her PhD at Southampton University (UK) and then spending 7 years in Plymouth working with the Atlantic CPR survey Sonia moved to Nanaimo, Canada, and began coordinating the North Pacific CPR survey. Her research interests include the role of zooplankton in large-sale oceanic ecosystems; the effects of the physical environment on their dynamics and the interactions between zooplankton and higher and lower trophic levels. She contributes to the PICES CPR Advisory Panel and Technical Committee on Monitoring.


Glenn Nolan
Marine Institute, Ireland

Session 15 Invited Speaker

Glenn Nolan has 15 years experience as an oceanographer and in the management and roll-out of oceanographic and marine climate programmes. Responsible for the Irish National Weather Buoy Network, Irish Tide Gauge Network, Ocean Modelling, Remote Sensing, Coastal and deep water oceanography at the Marine Institute, he headed the newly formed Marine Climate Change team at the Marine Institute between 2007 and 2009. His own research is primarily in the area of coastal processes and in the descriptive physical oceanography of the Irish region having conducted more than 30 research cruises in Irish waters, the Caribbean and the sub-polar regions, 17 as chief scientist.

Board Member: European component of the Global Ocean Observing System (EuroGOOS) 2005-present. Co-Chair: Technology Plan Working Group (EuroGOOS). Steering Group Member: Iberia Biscay Ireland Regional OOS (2006-present). Steering Group Member: North West Shelf OOS (2005-present). ICES Working Group on Oceanic Hydrography (2004-Present) (co-chair since 2008). National Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) Advisory Council (2003-present).


Toshio Suga
Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, Japan

Session 15 Invited Speaker


Workshop 1
Marine ecosystem model inter-comparisons (III)

Guimei Liu
National Marine Environmental Forecasting Center, SOA, PR China

Workshop 1 Invited Speaker

Dr. Guimei Liu received her PhD from the Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, China, followed by a postdoctoral researcher to young scientist at the University of Maine, USA, and a research associate to full research professor at the National Marine Environmental Forecasting Center, Beijing, China. Her research interests include interaction between physical and biological processes, coupled biogeochemical lower-trophic-level marine ecosystem dynamics modeling study, understanding of key ecosystem and carbon cycle responses to global change, as well as the operational forecast of the ecosystems in the northwest Pacific.


Angelica Peña
Institute of Ocean Sciences, Canada

Workshop 1 Invited Speaker

Angelica Peña is a research scientist with Fisheries and Oceans, Canada at the Institute of Ocean Sciences (IOS), Sidney, British Columbia. Her research interests include biogeochemical cycles and phytoplankton ecology of the NE subarctic Pacific, and the development of coupled circulation ecosystem models to study the dynamic relationships that exist between the plankton and its environment. She received her B.S. from the University of Concepcion, Chile and her M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees in oceanography from Dalhousie University, Canada. She has been involved in several international programs including JGOFS, GLOBEC and ECOHAB. She is a member of the PICES Biological Oceanography Committee.

Workshop 2
Beyond Lagrangian: Modeling migratory fish behavior in Global Circulation Models

Gier Huse
Institute of Marine Research, Norway

Workshop 2 Invited Speaker

Geir Huse works at the Institute of Marine Research (IMR) in Bergen, Norway, where he is Head of the Research programme Ecosystem and stock dynamics. He received a PhD in 1998 at the University of Bergen, where he worked until 2003 when he started working at his present employer. His main research interests are the spatial- and population dynamics, fish behavior and interactions between fish stocks. A key method in his work has been individual based modeling which he has used extensively in modeling the spatial dynamics of fish and zooplankton populations. His main research focus has been on herring, capelin cod and Calanus populations in the Barents - and Norwegian Sea ecosystems.

Workshop 3
New technologies and methods in HAB detection: I. HAB species detection

Satoshi Nagai
National Research Institute of Fisheries and Environment of Inland Sea, Japan

Workshop 3 Invited Speaker

Satoshi Nagai is a senior researcher of the toxic phytoplankton section at National Institute of Fisheries and Environmental of Inland Sea, who has been working on population genetics of harmful algal bloom causing species (HAB) in Asian coastal waters using highly polymorphic genetic markers to reveal globalization and expansion mechanisms. He succeeded in developing molecular techniques to identify not only local populations but also individuals in several species and showed the evidence of possible transfer of HAB populations by ocean currents and/or human activities through translocation shellfish stocks. Recently his population genetic study is extending to starfish, coral and sea cucumber species to provide a scientific basis for determining Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in the south East Asia in west Pacific regions by revealing the reef connectivity among populations and identifying the supply source of larvae. He was awarded the Encouraging Prize for promising younger scientists from the Plankton Society of Japan in 2001. He was also given excellent research prizes from the Japanese Society of DNA Polymorphism Research in 2004 and 2006.

Workshop 5
Carbon data synthesis (III)

Robert M. Key
Princeton University, U.S.A

Workshop 5 Invited Speaker

For the past 20 years my research interests have focused on global scale oceanographic issues related to climate change. My efforts have been two pronged: (1) assembling fully-calibrated high-quality data sets that could be used to address global biogeochemical issues and (2). using radiocarbon to study oceanographic ventilation, meridional overturning circulation, and air-sea gas exchange. All of this work has been highly collaborative. Notable data releases include GLODAP which was used to produce the first global oceanic inventories and 3-D distributions for natural and bomb produced radiocarbon, total inorganic carbon, alkalinity, CFC-11 and CFC12, and anthropogenic CO2. The radiocarbon inventories were used to revise global average air-sea gas exchange rates. The second major data release, later this year, will be called CARINA. CARINA supplements GLODAP and provides new coverage in the far North Atlantic and Arctic Oceans. The combination of CARINA and GLODAP will be used to investigate decadal scale change processes.

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