The keynote lecture "Red tides in North Pacific coastal waters: What have we learned and what else do we need to know?" at the Science Board Symposium will be given by Dr. Hae Jin Jeong (Seoul National University, Republic of Korea).
Board Symposium (¾-day)
Toward a better understanding of the North Pacific: Reflecting on the past and steering for the future
Thomas Therriault (SB)
Angelica Peña (BIO)
Elizabeth Logerwell (FIS)
Chuanlin Huo (MEQ)
Jennifer Boldt (MONITOR)
Kyung-Il Chang (POC)
Toru Suzuki (TCODE)
Steven Bograd (AICE)
Hiroaki Saito (COVE)
Phillip Mundy (SOFE) Igor Shevchenko (Russia)
For more than two decades, PICES has been the forum for scientists to develop a better understanding of North Pacific ecosystem structure and functions and a place to reflect on what changes are occurring. Two integrative scientific programs have been at the core of PICES activities: CCCC (Climate Change and Carrying Capacity) and FUTURE (Forecasting and Understanding Trends, Uncertainty and Responses of North Pacific Marine Ecosystems). While they have advanced our knowledge of the patterns and mechanisms of ecosystem change in the North Pacific, many unknowns remain. FUTURE is developing a predictive capability for North Pacific ecosystem change, but many fundamental scientific questions remain that are beyond its scope. PICES-2014 is an opportunity for a diverse scientific community to assess the current understanding of marine ecosystems in the North Pacific, to broadly discuss scientific questions that are not being adequately addressed, and to identify the fundamental scientific questions that remain to be answered.
Topic Session (½-day )
Strengths and limitations of habitat modeling: Techniques, data sources, and predictive capabilities
Enyuan Fan (China) Elliott Hazen (USA)
Sei-Ichi Saitoh (Japan)
William Sydeman (USA)
Yutaka Watanuki (Japan)
Invited Speakers: Hiroto Murase (National Research Institute of Far Seas Fisheries, Japan) Martin Renner (University of Washington, USA)
Habitat modeling is a powerful tool used to identify key factors affecting the distribution of marine organisms and underlying mechanisms, to predict optimal fishing grounds, to evaluate human impacts on ecosystems, and to project distribution shifts in the face of climate change. Given their broad application and utility, evaluation of the strengths and weakness of various modeling approaches is becoming increasingly important. Environmental data primarily come from satellite-based SST, SST gradient, SSH, Chl-a and their variation across time, and geographic features such as shelf breaks. Distribution data are collected from various sources, including ship-based line transect surveys, animal tracking, fisheries activities (log data, satellite-based fishing light distribution) and hence contain inevitable biases, including the selection of the survey line and season, tagging location of tracked animals, sample sizes, and type of the fishing activities. Biases are also inherent in the models being used – Generalized linear and additive models (GLMs and GAMs), Random Forests, boosted regression approaches, and Maximum Entropy modeling (MaxEnt). The session will examine factors causing biases, identify the direction of biases, discuss techniques for mitigating or accounting for biases, and create a best-practices guide for using habitat modeling approaches to predict the distribution of marine organisms in dynamic marine environments.
Topic Session (1-day )
Tipping points: defining reference points for ecological indicators of multiple stressors in coastal and marine ecosystem
Co-sponsors: International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) and Integrated Marine Biogeochemistry and Ecosystem Research (IMBER)
Rebecca G. Martone (USA)
Ian Perry (Canada)
Jameal Samhouri (USA)
Motomitsu Takahashi (Japan)
Maciej Tomczak (Poland / ICES)
Chang Ik Zhang (Korea)
Invited Speakers: Phil Levin (NOAA NW Fisheries Science Center, USA) Tetsuo Yanagi (Research Institute for Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University, Japan)
Many coastal and marine ecosystems, ranging from reefs to estuaries to pelagic systems, are exposed to multiple stressors, which can lead to rapid changes with significant, long-term consequences that are often difficult to reverse. Changes in ocean climate, the abundance of key species, nutrients, and other factors drive these shifts, which affect ocean food webs, habitats, and ecosystem functions and people's livelihoods and well-being. Determining indicators of ecological changes due to multiple stressors and defining reference points for those indicators are key steps for managers to avoid ecological degradation and loss of keys goods and services. Setting ecological reference points in ecological systems presents a challenge to resource managers because (a) reference points are often difficult to determine due to the complexity of natural systems, including the presence of thresholds, tipping points, and non-linearities; (b) the paucity of theoretical modeling and empirical understanding needed to address these complexities, identify ecological thresholds and develop early warning indicators means that managers must make decisions based on high levels of
uncertainty; and, (c) many institutional and governance structures do not allow managers the necessary flexibility to take up this information and react within relevant timeframes. This session will address these pressing challenges, and explore promising approaches to tackling them with the goal of catalyzing new research and management innovation. In particular, we invite presentations that (i) define the conceptual basis for reference points and management objectives surrounding reference points; (ii) use theoretical, modeling and observational approaches to identify potential
reference points for indicators of changes in marine ecosystems; (iii) incorporate risk and sources of error (measurement, model, process) in such analyses; (iv) discuss how reference points may be used in helping to manage marine ecosystems, specifically in relation to the decision-making process related to evaluating and deciding on acceptable levels of risk. These discussions will be guided by the FUTURE science themes, with special attention to examining climate and anthropogenic drivers of ecological change, and identifying early warning indicators to enable forecasting to
avoid crossing ecological thresholds. The outcomes will contribute to the work of PICES Working Group 28 on Development of ecosystem indicators to characterize ecosystem responses to multiple stressors. Email your questions to Session 3 Convenors
Email your questions to Session 3 Invited Speakers
S4: BIO/MONITOR/TCODE Topic Session (½-day)
Use of long time series of plankton to inform decisions in management and policy concerning climate, ecosystems and fisheries
David Checkley (USA)
Sanae Chiba (Japan)
Plankton plays key roles in the pelagic ocean. Planktonic plants, invertebrates and the early developmental stages of vertebrates are important for trophic and population dynamics of exploited protected species; the flux of energy and material, including carbon; and as indicators of ecosystem status. Phytoplankton has been both sampled in situ and observed remotely, from satellites. Zooplankton has been collected by nets. Increasingly, optics, acoustics, and ‘omics’ are used. Sampling programs worldwide now span decades, often with ancillary data. From these, time series of plankton abundance have been created, with varying levels of taxonomic and geographic resolution. Often, such programs have been in support of fisheries management. Increasingly, however, they are also relevant to management and policy decisions affecting ecosystems and climate. In turn, such programs require justification for their continuation. Examples include the California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations (CalCOFI), the Global Alliance of Continuous Plankton Recorder Surveys (GACS), and many other plankton sampling programs worldwide. The objective of this session is to learn how time series of plankton have been, are being, and might be used to inform decisions in management and policy concerning climate, ecosystems, and fisheries. Presentations are invited on both time-tested uses of plankton time series and on novel, untested uses.
Pacific cod (Gadus macrocephalus) sustain important commercial fisheries throughout the North Pacific Ocean and, historically, Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) have supported some of the most valuable commercial fisheries in the North Atlantic Ocean. Their dynamics have been linked to fishing, climate and other commercially important demersal species. Cod are also extremely important ecologically. As predators, they have been implicated in the decline or lack of recovery of shrimp, king crab, capelin and herring. As prey, they are important forage for pinnipeds; some research implicates seal predation in the lack of recovery of some Atlantic cod stocks, and other studies implicate Pacific cod in the lack of recovery of Steller sea lions in the western Gulf of Alaska and Aleutian Islands. Multispecies models demonstrate co-variation of cod with other important demersal species, as well as explicit tradeoffs in cod and forage fish populations with implications on the joint setting of catch quotas. Moreover, cod recruitment and spatial distribution can be strongly influenced by climate-driven changes in oceanography on decadal and shorter time scales, implying that catch levels must be adjusted for bottom-up changes in productivity. For these and other reasons, ecosystem considerations must be taken into account in cod fishery management. By drawing upon insights gained from different systems, as well as from studies of other important co-occurring demersal species (e.g., walleye pollock, small yellow croaker), this session will deepen our understanding of the roles of cod in the marine ecosystem and their implications on fishery management. Contributions are sought that consider stock identification, stock assessment and population dynamics, effects of climatology and oceanography on recruitment and biomass, trophodynamics, movements and distribution with respect to oceanographic features, multispecies models and their implications on management strategies, and other ecosystem approaches to the management, including aquaculture alternatives. Presentations are welcome from marine ecosystems in the North Pacific and North Atlantic.
Changes in fish and shellfish distributions are an important indicator of climate change and are being incorporated into national climate change assessment. However, fishing also affects fish and shellfish distributions and fishing effort is changing in many ecosystems. Changes in distributions will also affect fisheries, shifting the resource toward or away from fishing ports. We invite papers that examine the combined effect of climate change and fishing on fish and shellfish distributions and the impact of these changes on fisheries. Specifically, we encourage papers that 1) develop and use analytical approaches for separating the effect of fishing and climate, 2) evaluate life history and fishery traits that are associated with shifting distributions, and 3) examine the effect of shifting distributions on fisheries, fishing communities, resource economics, and international allocation.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) will release the full reports of Working Groups 1, 2 and 3 in 2014. Other organizations have recently completed similar assessment reports that focus on specific geographic regions or fishing sectors. Collectively these reports will mark a major milestone by updating our knowledge of the observed and projected implications of climate change on the earth. Of particular interest to PICES and ICES will be the findings of the reports with respect to impacts on marine ecosystems. This session encourages presentations that summarize the key findings of the IPCC. It also encourages talks that provide guidance and insight on future directions for climate change research within the ICES and PICES communities.
Marine debris is increasingly recognized as a threat to biota in the ocean, which can have a range of socio-economic impacts from coastal areas to the open ocean. The majority of marine debris consists of synthetic polymers, or 'plastics', which readily float on the ocean surface or are suspended in the water column. Microplastics may be attributed to the intentional manufacture of commercial products or the fragmentation of plastic products. They can increase the bioavailable fraction of marine litter and act as a vector for the delivery of intrinsic or adsorbed toxic chemicals to exposed biota. Floating, submerged and beached debris have been documented in marginal seas and the adjacent coastal zone of the North Pacific Ocean. In addition, the North Pacific Ocean Gyre is known to accumulate floating debris in what has become known as the "Great Pacific Garbage Patch". Marine debris represents trans-boundary pollution which can also deliver associated chemicals and invasive organisms to regions far removed from source. The objective of this session is to present status and trend information for marine plastic debris pollution and its environmental consequences in the PICES region. Papers are invited that assess macro- or micro-plastic debris 1) hotspots in the PICES region, 2) source and input pathways, 3) long-range transport, 4) role as sink or source of associated toxic chemicals, and 5) biological and ecological effects. Recommendations on how to address growing problems associated with marine debris will be also considered.
S9: POC/MONITORTopic Session (1-day) Variability in advection and its biological consequences for Subarctic and Arctic ecosystems
Co-sponsor: International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES)
Franz Mueter (USA)
Enrique Curchitser (USA)
Kenneth Drinkwater (Norway / ICES)
Sen Tok Kim (Russia)
Hiroshi Kuroda (Japan)
Sei-Ichi Saitoh (Japan)
Invited Speakers: Georgina Gibson (International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, USA)
The advection of water masses and their associated nutrients and plankton is critical to biological processes within the subarctic gyres and on the productive shelf regions bordering the gyre. Cross-shelf and along-shelf advection regulate the supply of nutrients and plankton to these shelves, thereby affecting the productivity and species composition of the prey organisms that support higher trophic levels. Moreover, the advection of larvae to suitable nursery areas affects the spatial and temporal overlap between larvae and their prey and predators (match-mismatch dynamics). Advective processes have been linked to the recruitment success of walleye pollock off Japan and in the Gulf of Alaska, which benefit from increased retention within certain near-shore regions, and to recruitment patterns of flatfishes and crab in the eastern Bering Sea, which benefit from increased advection towards suitable nursery areas. Interannual variability in advection has long been understood as an important source of biological variability, while variability at shorter time scales (days to weeks) has only recently received more attention due to the increased availability of high-frequency observations and the development of high-resolution models. The main goal of this session is to explore how variability in the advection of nutrients, zooplankton prey, and early life stages at all scales affects the recruitment, abundance and distribution of subarctic fish and invertebrate species, including the potential to extend their range into Arctic waters. We invite papers that explore past variability and potential future trends based on field observations, analyses of long-term data series, and biophysical models. Contributions from both the Pacific and Atlantic Subarctic are welcome.Email your questions to Session 9 Convenors
Email your questions to Session 9 Invited Speakers
S10: POC/TCODE/FUTURE Topic Session (1-day)
Regional climate modeling in the North Pacific
Chan Joo Jang (Korea)
Kyung-Il Chang (Korea)
Enrique Curchitser (USA)
Michael Foreman (Canada)
Shin-ichi Ito (Japan)
Angelica Peña (Canada)
Hyodae Seo (USA)
Regional climate models are a key scientific tool for understanding climate change at regional to local scale, which is highly relevant to considerations for many socio-economic impacts. Despite the apparent limitations associated with errors in forcing fields and uncertainties in downscaling techniques, regional climate models continue to provide critical information for regional climate change by filling the gap between projections by global climate models and demand for developing adaptation and mitigation strategies at highly resolved scales. This session calls for papers addressing the recent efforts for regional climate modeling such as developing novel approaches for dynamic downscaling, comparison between regional and global climate model results, detection and evaluation of regional climate changes in the North Pacific Ocean simulated by regional and global climate models, assessment of their uncertainty, and coupling of regional climate models with other Earth system model components such as biogeochemical and ecological models. The session aims to assemble and share existing expertise in recent efforts to regional climate models by providing a platform to discuss their limitations and reliability.
Several recent studies and reports suggest that increased aquaculture production is essential if we are to meet the growing world demands for marine protein. However, the rapid current development of intensive fed aquaculture (e.g., finfish and shrimp), in both developed and developing countries, has generated concerns about the environmental impacts of these often monospecific practices. To help address such issues, Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture (IMTA) has been attracting global attention as a means to conduct aquaculture activities, while at the same time improving/rehabilitating coastal environmental conditions and improving the well-being of the people living in coastal areas. By integrating fed aquaculture with inorganic and organic extractive aquaculture (seaweed and invertebrates), the wastes of one resource become a resource (fertilizer or food) for the others. This "ecosystem-like" approach provides nutrient bioremediation capabilities, mutual benefits to the co-cultured organisms, economic diversification by production of other value-added marine products, and increased profitability and food security for the local community. This session seeks contributions and case studies of how to implement and conduct IMTA activities, in particular that reduce negative impacts to the quality of the local environment and improve the well-being of the local human communities. Examples of activities in tropical and semi-tropical locations are particularly welcome, as well as examples of general methods and approaches that can be applied in many different environments. This session is a contribution of, and towards, the work of the PICES Project on Marine Ecosystem Health and Human Well-Being (MarWeB).
The Biological Oceanography Committee (BIO) has a wide range of interests spanning from molecular to global scales. BIO targets all organisms living in the marine environment including bacteria, phytoplankton, zooplankton, micronekton, benthos and marine birds and mammals. In this session, we welcome all papers on biological aspects of marine science in the PICES region. Contributions from early career scientists are especially encouraged.
Xianshi Jin (China) Elizabeth Logerwell (USA)
This session invites papers addressing general topics in fishery science and fisheries oceanography in the North Pacific and its marginal seas, except those covered by Topic Sessions sponsored by the Fishery Science Committee (FIS). Email your questions to FIS
Paper Session Convenors
Chuanlin Huo (China)
Darlene Smith (Canada)
Papers are invited on all aspects of marine environmental quality research in the North Pacific and its marginal seas, except those covered by Topic Sessions sponsored by the Marine Environmental Quality Committee (MEQ).
Email your questions to MEQ
Paper Session Convenors
Email your questions to MEQ Paper Invited Speakers
Kyung-Il Chang (Korea) Michael Foreman (Canada)
Papers are invited on all aspects of physical oceanography and climate in the North Pacific and its marginal seas, except those covered by Topic Sessions sponsored by the Physical Oceanography and Climate Committee (POC).
Email your questions to POC
Paper Session Convenors
W1: FISWorkshop (2-day)
Dynamics of pelagic fish in the North Pacific under climate change Co-sponsored by the International Scientific Committee for Tuna and Tuna-like Species in the North Pacific Ocean (ISC)
Gerard DiNardo (USA)
Suam Kim (Korea)
Sei-Ichi Saitoh (Japan)
Cisco Werner (USA)
Invited Speakers: Patrick Lehodey (Space Oceanography Division, CLS, France)
The goal of the workshop is to define a scientific framework to assess the dynamics of pelagic fish under climate/environmental variability. We will discuss the overlapping PICES and ISC science missions and outline a Science Plan for a multi-year collaborative effort. Climate variability affects pelagic fish distributions and migration, and ultimately pelagic fisheries, the level of impact depending on the persistence, direction, and magnitude of the variability. Survival and growth rates of pelagic fish are linked to oceanographic conditions, and changes to these conditions can have dramatic impacts on the composition of species assemblages within pelagic ecosystems, as well as the persistence and magnitude of individual pelagic fish populations. Understanding the links between environment and pelagic fish behavior, growth, recruitment, and production are paramount to understanding the impacts of climate variability. Pelagic fishes occupy surface waters of the North Pacific Ocean, from coastal shelf to open ocean ecosystems. Many of these species undertake large-scale feeding, spawning, and ontogenetic migrations linked to seasonal changes in water masses. For example, Pacific bluefin tuna use waters off Japan as a nursery habitat, undertaking an ontogenetic movement eastward to waters off North America where they remain as subadults for 2-3 years. Additionally, many pelagic species have environmental thresholds and preferences which limit the spatial distribution of a species. The most important environmental factors include oxygen, salinity and temperature, and because these factors generally exhibit persistent spatiotemporal patterns, the general distribution of pelagic fishes is known. Knowledge of these relationships allows for the incorporation of climate change into stock assessments, which forms the basis for fisheries management.
Email your questions to Workshop 1 Convenors
Email your questions to Workshop 1 Invited Speakers
Linkages between the winter distribution of Pacific salmon and their marine ecosystems and how this might be altered with climate change Co-sponsored by by the North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission (NPAFC)
James Irvine (Canada/NPAFC)
Elizabeth Logerwell (USA/PICES)
Pacific salmon (genus Oncorhynchus) are an important ecological and economic species complex widely distributed throughout the North Pacific Ocean. In recent years, there have been large, often unanticipated, fluctuations in abundance and survival that may be climate-change related. Understanding the causes of variable salmon production will be critical to predicting future abundance levels and harvest opportunities. This has been a major concern for the North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission (NPAFC), which has responsibility for scientific research and enforcement for conserving anadromous salmon and steelhead trout in the North Pacific Ocean.
This workshop is intended to build on recommendations from a report prepared by the NPAFC/PICES Study Group in the spring of 2014. The workshop will bring together researchers in fisheries and oceanography to improve understanding of the mechanistic linkages between salmon and their ecosystem. Of the many topics of overlapping interest between the two organizations, it is envisaged that this workshop will focus on one question: Where do Pacific salmon go in the winter and why, and how might this be affected by climate change? Prior to the workshop, salmon researchers will assemble information on where chum and perhaps pink and sockeye salmon are thought to live during the winter including depth, temperature and salinity. Oceanographers and climate specialists will be provided these data prior to the workshop so that they can do preliminary work on the extent of the habitats suitable for salmon, both currently and subsequently based on various scenarios of climate change. Email your questions to Workshop 2 Convenors
Email your questions to Workshop 2 Invited Speakers
Workshop (1 ½-day)
Mitigation of harmful algal blooms: Novel approaches to a decades long problem affecting the viability of natural and aquaculture fisheries
Ichiro Imai (Japan)
Changkyu Lee (Korea)
Charles Trick (Canada)
Mark Wells (USA)
David Kidwell (National Ocean Service, NOAA, USA)
Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) have substantial economic, societal, and human health impacts in coastal waters worldwide, from equatorial to high latitude environments. Our increasing reliance on the economic services of coastal waters is threatened by the apparent increasing frequency and severity of HABs globally. Currently, clay dispersal in Korean waters is the only pragmatic operational program for mitigating HAB effects on coastal aquaculture operations. The trade-off, namely smothering of benthos with rapid sedimentation of clays, is not acceptable in many nations, leaving them with few if any mitigation strategies. This workshop will open with presentations on current rules for testing and implementing mitigation strategies in PICES member countries to set the stage for considering HAB mitigation. Participants then will deliberate on novel physical, chemical, and biological control strategies and research paths that have potential for minimizing or eliminating HAB effects without significant coincident impacts on ecosystem health. The aim of the workshop is to develop independent evaluation of mitigation strategies that are effective, transformative and sustainable for individual PICES member countries, and to provide a framework to advance the scientific collaborations and funding strategies to move mitigation research into the 20th century.
Email your questions to Workshop 3 Convenors
Email your questions to Workshop 3 Invited Speaker
In the North Pacific Ocean, various cabled ocean observatories are operating or under development. In addition there exist several long-term time series programs, and the Argo drifter program. It seems timely to hold a workshop with the following objectives:
set up plans for coordinated data sharing, data standards, common sampling protocols, and open access on the Internet;
set out a timeline for developing an integrated (nearly) real-time synthesis of observations in the North Pacific by linking coastal and open ocean observatories and Argo;
define a specific science challenge/question that could be best addressed through a network of observing systems in the Pacific Ocean.
Most of these facilities are in the North Pacific, and are regional and coastal in scope, making PICES the ideal organization to host such a workshop. The need for such a network of observing facilities was articulated in the conference description of the recent Joint PICES/ICES Workshop on “Global assessment of the implications of climate change on the spatial distribution of fish and fisheries” held in May 2013 in St. Petersburg, Russia: "… observations and model projections (are) needed to develop a global synthesis of the implications of climate change on fish and fisheries". In the past, correlations of sardine and anchovy long-term changes have been established between populations off California, Chile and Japan, so it seems prudent to make the scope of such a workshop the whole Pacific Ocean. The following format for the workshop is expected: a) a series of talks describing the capabilities of the various long-term systematic ocean observing facilities in the Pacific Ocean, b) a series of talks representing various modelling efforts around the Pacific and c) a discussion on setting up a group to develop a plan for achieving objective ii) above.
Email your questions to Workshop 4 Convenors
Email your questions to Workshop 4 Invited Speaker
W5:POC Workshop (½-day) SOLAS into the Future: Designing the next phase of the Surface Ocean-Lower Atmosphere Study within the context of the Future Earth Program Co-sponsored by Surface Ocean Low Atmosphere Study (SOLAS)
Minhan Dai (China)
Lisa Miller (Canada)
Yukihiro Nojiri (Japan)
For more than a decade, the Surface Ocean-Lower Atmosphere Study (SOLAS) has fostered cutting-edge research in air-sea interactions, promoting communication, coordinating and directing research, and advocating for new projects. SOLAS has facilitated major advances, changing fundamental understanding in a number of subjects, including the significance of ocean acidification, the roles of dimethylsulfide (DMS) and marine organic matter in atmospheric chemistry, and the importance of sea-ice biogeochemistry in controlling air-sea exchange. At the same time, the significance of earth system science to society has become increasingly apparent, and Future Earth is replacing the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme as a major SOLAS sponsor. Within this context, SOLAS is plotting a new course for the next 10 years. This workshop is one of a number at various conferences that is soliciting community input into the future of SOLAS. In particular, we are asking the question: In a world where Earth system science is coming under increasing political and public scrutiny, what is and should be the contribution of SOLAS science to society? Ideas and conclusions from this and other, similar workshops will be incorporated into the new SOLAS Science Plan. Email your questions to Workshop 5 Convenors
TCODE E-poster Session (CANCELLED)
Tools, approaches and challenges for accessing and integrating distributed datasets
Most of PICES' data sharing activities have been on the server side: gathering and standardizing metadata and developing a web portal based on GeoNetwork software. These tools aim to provide web browser access to data. The tools are useful because distributed data require the efficiencies of machine to machine access to data that are distributed across multiple sites. However, users may prefer to access data using their particular client of choice. It may be a browser, but it might also include anything from shell scripts to python or java programs to application extensions or libraries that allow direct access to the data from within the user's favourite application. This workshop will examine new and existing client-side solutions that are working to make the use of distributed data services simple and invisible to the user. Live demonstrations are encouraged. Email your questions to TCODE E-Poster Session Convenors
Posters of general interest to the PICES Scientific and Technical Committees, including those not necessarily matching the themes of the Topic Sessions, are welcome. Posters will be on display from October 21 (a.m.) until the end of the "Wine and Cheese" Poster Session on the evening of October 23, when poster presenters are expected to be available to answer questions.
The size of a poster: portrait-oriented, 95 cm (width) x 150 cm (height).
Please add your photograph to the right upper corner
of your poster.