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Session 1. Understanding ecosystem dynamics and pursuing ecosystem approaches to management

Co-Convenors: John E. Stein (SB), Michael J. Dagg (BIO), Mikhail Stepanenko (FIS), Glen Jamieson (MEQ), Hiroya Sugisaki (MONITOR), Michael G. Foreman (POC), Bernard A. Megrey (TCODE), Harold P. Batchelder (CCCC), Michio J. Kishi (CCCC), Fangli Qiao (China) and Sinjae Yoo (Korea)

PICES undertakes a new science program, FUTURE (Forecasting and Understanding Trends, Uncertainty and Responses of North Pacific Marine Ecosystems), to understand the responses of marine ecosystems in the North Pacific to climate change and human activities, having the major questions: 1) How does ecosystem structure and function determine an ecosystem's response to natural and anthropogenic forcing? 2) How do physical and chemical processes respond to natural and anthropogenic forcing and how are ecosystems likely to respond to these changes in abiotic processes? 3) How do human activities impact coastal marine ecosystems and their interactions with offshore and terrestrial systems. We have only a limited ability to forecast how marine ecosystems will be affected by the changing global climate. Consequently, we still have limited knowledge on the assessment and management of marine ecosystems. Under this situation, it is necessary to improve our understanding of ecosystem structure and function, ecosystem stability and resilience, and to understand and quantify the impacts of human activities and climate on marine ecosystems. It is urgent that we develop and adopt a comprehensive ecosystem-based approach which will be required to manage depleted and deteriorated marine ecosystems. To this end, breakthroughs have to be made in many areas, including evaluation of ecosystem status.

 

Monday, October 26, 2009
 

Chang Ik Zhang (Keynote)
Ecosystem-based fisheries assessment and management: A step towards FUTURE implementation of ecosystem approaches to management
(pdf, 3 Mb)

 

John K. Pinnegar, Steven Mackinson, Kathryn Keeble and Georg H. Engelhard (Invited)
How does ecosystem structure and function determine the response to natural and anthropogenic forcing? (S1-5817)
(pdf, 2 Mb)

 

Suam Kim, Ana L. Rosa, Sang-Wook Yeh, Chung I. Lee, Sukyung Kang, Sinjae Yoo, Hyunwoo Kang and Yasunori Sakurai (Invited)
Effects of atmospheric and oceanographic variability on the common squid (Todarodes pacificus) in Korean and Japanese waters during the last 30 years (S1-5811)
(pdf, 2 Mb)

 

William Crawford and James Irvine
A group approach to understanding ecosystem dynamics in the northeast Pacific (S1-5887)
(pdf, 1 Mb)

 

William J. Sydeman, Jarrod A. Santora, Stephen Ralston, Nandita Sarkar, Steven J. Bograd, and Robert M. Suryan
Krill of the California Current: Predictive habitat modeling for ecosystem protection? (S1-5800)
(waiting for permission)

 

Mitsutaku Makino, Chikako Watanabe, Masahito Hirota and Takumi Mitani (Invited)
Understanding the interactions between ecosystem structure and fisheries structure: The case of the sardine, anchovy, chub mackerel, and purse seine fisheries in Japan (S1-5986)
(pdf, 0.4 Mb)

 

Franz J. Mueter and Michael A. Litzow (Invited)
The spatial footprint of biological re-organization in a demersal community (S1-5761)
(pdf, 0.8 Mb)

 

Hiroshige Tanaka, Seiji Ohshimo and Yoshiaki Hiyama
Long-term fluctuations in the biomass of sardine Sardinops melanostictus in the western Japanese waters (Sea of Japan and East China Sea) from 1953 to 2008, in relation to climate variability
(S1-5855)
(permission to post denied)

 

Chang Ik Zhang, Jennifer Boldt, Angie Greig, Anne B. Hollowed and Patricia Livingston
An assessment of fisheries management strategies in Alaska relative to the goals of ecosystem approaches to management (S1-5830)
(waiting for permission)

 

Michael Sinclair (Invited)
Ecosystem approach to management: The Scotian Shelf example (S1-5778)
(pdf, 0.8 Mb)

 

Erlend Moksness (Invited)
Major human activities affecting Norwegian coastal marine ecosystems: Present status and challenges (S1-5578)
(pdf, 6 Mb)

 

Tony Smith, Beth Fulton and David Smith (Invited)
Ecosystem approaches to managing marine systems – the human dimension (S1-5975)
(pdf, 1 Mb)

 

Wei Zheng, Zongling Wang and Mingyuan Zhu
Impact of human activities on marine ecosystem services (S1-5618)
(permission to post denied)

 

Peter S. Ross
The pulse of the Pacific: Can science respond effectively to a changing ocean? (S1-5721)
(waiting for permission)

 

 
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