WWW PICES
Report 35 (December 2008)

Impacts of Climate and Climate Change on the Key Species in the Fisheries in the North Pacific

   
  Full report [pdf, 6. MB] (Right-click and choose "Save Target As..." to save it on your computer)
  TABLE OF CONTENTS:
  Executive Summary [pdf, 0.2 Mb]
  Foreword [pdf, < 0.1 Mb]
  Abstract [pdf, < 0.1 Mb]
  Synopsis [pdf, 1 Mb]
   
  Country Reports
   
  Canada [download Canada Report, pdf, 0.5 Mb]
  The Fishery 15
  Climate and Ocean Impacts 25
  Potential Impacts of Global Warming on the Climate and Ocean Environment of Key Species in the Fishery 27
  Key Species in the Fishery 30
    Sablefish (Anoplopoma fimbria) 30
    Pacific herring (Clupea pallasii) 32
    Pacific hake (Merluccius productus) 33
    Pacific halibut (Hippoglossus stenolepis) 34
    Pacific ocean perch (Sebastes alutus) 35
    Pacific sardine (Sardinops sagax) 38
    Pacific cod (Gadus macrocephalus) 40
    Pacific salmon 41
    Pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) 41
    Sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) 42
    Chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) 43
  Impacts of Global Warming on all Pacific Salmon in the Fishery 43
  Impacts of Global Warming on the Key Non-salmon Species in the Fishery 46
    Sablefish
Pacific herring
Pacific hake
Pacific halibut
Pacific ocean perch
Pacific sardine
Pacific cod
47
47
49
49
50
50
51
  References 52
         
  Japan [download Japan Report, pdf, 0.7 Mb]  
  The Fishery 57
  Climate and Ocean Influences 57
  Key Species in the Fishery 60
    Chub mackerel (Scomber japonicus) 60
    Jack mackerel (Trachurus japonicus) 65
    Japanese sardine (Sardinops melanostictus) 66
    Anchovy (Engraulis japonicus) 68
    Walleye pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) 70
    Chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) 70
    Pacific saury (Cololabis saira) 72
    Common squid (Todarodes pacificus) 73
    Neon flying squid (Ommastrephes bartrami) 74
  Possible Greenhouse Gas-induced Changes in the Climate and Ocean Environment 75
  Possible Impacts of Climate Change on Fish Populations and Fisheries 75
    Chub mackerel
Jack mackerel
Japanese sardine
Anchovy
Walleye pollock
Chum salmon
Pacific saury
Common squid
Neon flying squid
79
79
79
79
79
79
81
81
81
  References 82
       
  People’s Republic of China [download China Report, pdf, 0.3 Mb]  
  The Fishery 85
  Major Coastal Fishing Areas 85
  Climate 90
  Key Species in the Fishery 91
    Small yellow croaker (Pseudosciaena polyactis) 91
    Anchovy (Engraulis japonicus) 93
    Spanish mackerel (Scomberomorus niphonius) 94
    Pacific herring (Clupea pallasii) 96
  References 98
       
  Republic of Korea [download Korea Report, pdf, 0.8 Mb]  
  The Fishery 101
  Climate and Ocean Influences 105
  General Description of Ecosystem Status and Fisheries Trends 106
  Changes in Ecosystem Components 106
  Key Species in the Fishery 108
    Walleye pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) 109
    Chum salmon (Oncorhyncus keta) 110
    Small yellow croaker (Pseudosciaena polyactis) 114
    Hairtail (Trichiurus lepturus) 116
    Anchovy (Engraulis japonicus) 116
    Japanese sardine (Sardinops melanostictus) 119
    Chub mackerel (Scomber japonicus) 120
    Jack mackerel (Trachurus japonicus) 122
    Filefish (Thamnaconus modestus) 125
    Pacific saury (Cololabis saira) 127
    Skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) 128
    Common squid (Todarodes pacificus) 130
  Speculations on the Impact of Greenhouse Gas-induced Climate Change 133
    Walleye pollock
Chum salmon
Small yellow croaker, hairtail, filefish
Anchovy, Japanese sardine, mackerels and common squid
Pacific saury
Skipjack tuna
133
133
133
134
134
134
  References 135
         
  Russia [download Russia Report, pdf, 1.7 Mb]  
  The Fishery 137
  Climate and Ocean Influences 137
  Key Species in the Fishery 139
    Pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) 139
    Chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) 143
    Sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) 144
    Walleye pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) 146
    Okhotsk Sea pollock 146
    Bering Sea pollock 147
    Pacific herring (Clupea pallasii) 149
    Pacific saury (Cololabis saira) 151
    Pacific sardine (Sardinops sagax) 152
    Pacific cod (Gadus macrocephalus) 154
    Red king crab (Paralithodes camtschaticus) 155
  Climate, Ocean and Fishing Effects on Key Species in the Fishery 157
  Future Responses 159
  Acknowledgements 160
  References 161
       
  United States of America – Alaska Region [download US Report, pdf, 1.8 Mb]  
  Introduction
Large Marine Ecosystems off Alaska
Environmental Regimes
Warming Influence on the Physical Environment
Changes to the Climatic Environment
163
166
167
168
170
  Warming Influence on the Biological Environment: Key Species 171
  Effects of Climate Change on Pacific Salmon in the Fishery 175
  Discussion 201
  References 203
       
  Appendix 1 Terms of Reference [download Appendix and Index, pdf, 0.1 Mb] 207
  Appendix 2 WG 16 Membership 208
  Appendix 3 Species List 210
  Index 213
 
 
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