REPORT OF OPENING SESSION
Opening Session started at 09:00 hours on October 27, 2008. Dr. Tokio Wada, Chairman of PICES, welcomed delegates,
observers and researchers to Dalian
and formally declared that the PICES Seventeenth Annual Meeting was open. The session agenda is appended as OP Endnote 1.
Welcome address on behalf
of the host country and the host city
Mr. Lianzeng Chen (Deputy Administrator, State Oceanic Administration, People’s Republic of China) welcomed participants on
behalf of the host country (OP Endnote 2),
and Mr. Deren Xia (Mayor of Dalian) addressed the session on behalf of the host
city (OP Endnote
Remarks by representatives
of Contracting Parties and the Chairman of PICES
Wada invited Dr. Laura
Richards (Regional Director of Science, Pacific Region,
Fisheries and Oceans Canada) to make a statement on behalf of the Canadian
Government. Dr. Richards addressed
the session and her remarks are appended to the report as OP
Wada called upon Dr. Yukimasa Ishida (Director General, Tohoku National
Fisheries Research Institute, Fisheries
Research Agency, Japan)
to speak on behalf of the Japanese Government.
Dr. Ishida addressed the session and his remarks are appended to
the report as OP Endnote 5.
Wada then asked Mr. Doan Jeong (Director of Marine Research and Development
Division, Marine Policy Bureau, Ministry of Land, Transportation and Maritime
of Korea) to make
a statement on behalf of the Korean Government.
Mr. Jeong addressed the session and his remarks are appended to
the report as OP Endnote 6.
Wada invited Dr. Lev Bocharov (Director General, Pacific
Federal Agency on Fisheries, Russian
Federation) to speak on behalf of the
Dr. Bocharov addressed the session and his remarks are appended to the
report as OP Endnote 7.
Wada requested Dr.
George Boehlert (Director, Hatfield Marine Science Center,
Oregon State University, U.S.A.) to make a statement
on behalf of the U.S. Government. Dr.
Boehlert addressed the session and his remarks are appended to the report
as OP Endnote 8.
called upon Dr. Zhanhai
Zhang (Director General, Department of International Cooperation,
State Oceanic Administration, People’s Republic of China) to speak
on behalf of the Chinese Government.
Dr. Zhang addressed the session and his remarks are appended to the report
as OP Endnote 9.
Wada thanked Mr. Lianzeng Chen and Mr. Deren Xia and all the delegates for their remarks, and addressed
the participants on behalf of PICES. His
remarks are appended to the report as OP Endnote
Wada and Dr. John Stein, PICES Science Board Chairman, conducted the 2008
Wooster Award presentation ceremony. Dr.
Stein introduced the Wooster Award and announced that the 2008 Award was
given to Dr. Charles B. Miller (Oregon
State University, U.S.A.),
a nationally and internationally distinguished biological oceanographer
specializing in studies of zooplankton.
He quoted the Science Board citation for the 2008 Wooster Award
that is appended to the report as OP
Endnote 11. (Reading
of the citation was accompanied by a special slide show dedicated to Dr.
Warren Wooster was unable to join this ceremony, but he kindly sent a
message to Dr. Miller. Dr. Wada read the tribute from Prof. Wooster:
It is a pleasure to acknowledge selection of Charlie
Miller to receive the 2008 Wooster
Award. His contributions to understanding
of zooplankton ecology in the northern North Pacific tie in beautifully
with studies of physical changes in the ecosystem. Eventually predictions of these physical changes
will lead to predictions of ecosystem changes, with all sorts of applications
to fisheries and other problems of PICES concern.
Monitoring the ecosystem with the Continuous
Plankton Recorder (CPR) and studies in OECOS (Ocean Ecodynamics Comparison
in the Subarctic Pacific), both of these involving Charlie Miller, are
keys to understanding ecosystems of the region. This work has often made me wish I had chosen
zooplankton ecology as the field in which to specialize – too late for
me but not too late to appreciate the contributions of Charlie and his
colleagues. Congratulations to him for his major contributions
to PICES projects in this field.
Wada presented a commemorative plaque to Dr. Miller (a permanent plaque
identifying Wooster Award recipients resides at the PICES Secretariat),
who accepted the award with the thankful remarks.
After the Annual Meeting, Dr. Miller sent the following note to
the PICES Secretariat:
I have always been dubious of awards in
science, because so many who deserve them are never recognized. I am still dubious, but getting the Wooster Award is very gratifying,
and I thank PICES for it.
Receiving the Wooster
Award at this time comes with some sadness because Warren Wooster died
just as I was being honored in Dalian. Warren called many times with PICES tasks for
me, and I always said "no". I always
ended up doing whatever he asked. That
was one of Warren’s
many gifts: he could turn "no"
into "yes" with his magical powers. Forty-five
years ago, he and Polly were very kind to the graduate students at Scripps,
offering me and others the initial social outreach from the faculty to
newcomers. It was a warm touch
of humanity in a ferociously competitive place and never forgotten. Warren’s shift in interest from marine chemistry
and physics to fisheries and ocean policy has been of great benefit to
ICES, PICES, the University of Washington and every aspect of our concern
for the ocean. We will miss him
personally, but his lasting gifts to us will carry his spirit onward.
Very few work
at science alone. I cannot thank
everyone here who has pursued ocean ecology with me; I made a list of
my more important associates and it came out around eighty! However, I have been especially fortunate in
working down the years with Bruce Frost, John McGowan, Peter Wiebe, William
Fager, Abe Fleminger, William Peterson, Martha Clemons, Harold Batchelder,
Patricia Wheeler and Tim Cowles
(in order of appearance in my life). Thanks
to them and everyone studying life in the oceans. Keep going, there is much yet to be learned.
PICES Ocean Monitoring Service Award presentation
Wada and Stein also conducted the presentation ceremony for the PICES Ocean Monitoring Service Award
(POMA). Dr. Stein introduced POMA
and announced that the very first award was given to the training ship
T/S Oshoro-maru of Hokkaido University, Japan. After he quoted the Science Board citation appended
to the report as
Endnote 12 (reading of the citation
was accompanied by a special slide show dedicated to T/S Oshoro-maru),
Dr. Wada presented a commemorative plaque and a certificate to a representative
of the recipient, Dr. Akihiko Hara (Dean, Graduate School of Fisheries
Sciences, Hokkaido University), who accepted the award with remarks of
PICES "Year-in-Review" 2008
Stein reviewed PICES’ scientific accomplishments since the Sixteenth Annual
Meeting in Victoria,
Canada. An article on the state of PICES science for
2008 will be published in the next issue of PICES Press in January 2009
(Vol. 17, No. 1).
the closing remarks by Dr. Wada, Dr. McKinnell made announcements related
to the logistics of the Annual Meeting.
The session was adjourned at 10:40 a.m.
2008 keynote lecture entitled "Wave-tide-circulation coupled model: To improve the forecasting ability for FUTURE" was given by Dr. Fangli Qiao (First Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration,
People’s Republic of China) as a part of the Science Board Symposium on
"Beyond observations to achieving, understanding and forecasting in
a changing North Pacific: Forward to the FUTURE". The abstract
of his presentation is appended to the report as OP
OP Endnote 1 [Back]
Opening Session agenda
Opening by the Chairman of PICES, Dr. Tokio Wada
Welcome addresses by representatives of the host country
and host city
Mr. Lianzeng Chen (Deputy Administrator, State Oceanic Administration, People’s Republic of China)
Mr. Deren Xia (Mayor of Dalian)
Remarks by representatives of Contracting Parties
Dr. Laura Richards (Regional
Director of Science, Pacific Region, Fisheries and Oceans, Canada)
Dr. Yukimasa Ishida (Director
General, Tohoku National Fisheries Research Institute, Fisheries Research Agency, Japan)
Mr. Doan Jeong (Director
of Marine Research and Development Division, Marine Policy Bureau, Ministry
of Land, Transportation and Maritime Affairs, Republic of Korea)
Dr. Lev Bocharov (Director
General, Pacific Scientific Research
Federal Agency on Fisheries, Russian
Dr. George Boehlert (Director, Hatfield Marine Science Center, Oregon State University, U.S.A.)
Dr. Zhanhai Zhang (Director General, Department
of International Cooperation, State Oceanic Administration, People’s Republic of China)
Remarks by the Chairman of PICES, Dr. Tokio Wada
2008 PICES Wooster Award presentation ceremony
2008 PICES Ocean Monitoring Service Award ceremony
PICES "Year-in-Review" 2008 by the Chairman of Science Board, Dr. John Stein
OP Endnote 2
Welcome address on behalf of the host country
by Mr. Lianzeng Chen
Mr. Chairman, distinguished Mayor Xia Deren, honourable guests, ladies
and gentlemen: In this golden autumn,
I am very pleased to witness the successful opening of the Seventeenth
Annual Meeting of PICES in the beautiful coastal city of Dalian. Taking
this opportunity, I would like to, on behalf of the State Oceanic Administration
(SOA) and the Local Organizing Committee, extend our warmest welcome to
the participants, and express our congratulations and sincere thanks for
the great support from the Dalian
ocean is a common asset shared by all humans; the responsibility and obligation
to study, develop and protect the ocean is therefore shared by all nations.
Only when international cooperation is strengthened and the efficient
way to sustainable development is found can we humans be greeted with
a prosperous future.
one of the major developing countries, China is fully aware of its obligation
and its role in international marine affairs. By participating actively in international,
as well as regional marine cooperation, and performing our obligation
has been contributing to the development of international marine affairs.
part of the world economy, the Chinese marine industry has now become
a new factor of GDP growth and has been incorporated into the development
of the world economy. The Chinese
Government has attached a great importance to the activities of sea area
use and marine environmental protection, and their management has been
based on the related laws and regulation.
With the preliminary establishment of a marine monitoring system
and a disaster mitigation emergency response system, coastal areas enjoy
the advantage of both economic and social development in return.
Marine science and technology has already become an important pillar
for the Chinese marine development and therefore has been listed into
the "National Medium and Long Term Science and Technology Development
Plan", as well as the "National Development Plan for the Period of 2006–2010".
is our great pleasure to see that, as the most important intergovernmental
scientific organization in the North Pacific area, since its foundation
in 1992, PICES has always been devoting itself to promoting and coordinating
marine research around the North Pacific, to advancing the knowledge of
the areas concerning marine environment, global weather, climate change,
living resources, ecosystem, as well as impacts from human activities,
and to sharing scientific information.
Together with the promotion of both position and influence, PICES
has been enjoying an increasingly important role in recent years.
guests, ladies and gentlemen, dear friends, the Chinese government attaches
great importance to the relations with PICES and will continue to support
PICES’ work. China also would like
to show its willingness to work together with other Contracting Parties
to improve the exchange and cooperation in scientific research in the
North Pacific, for example, by conducting cooperative research in key
fundamental and advanced scientific fields such as climate change, marine
environmental protection and marine disaster prevention and mitigation,
to improve the level of understanding of influences and the adaptation
to climate change, and at the same time to provide technical evidence
to governments and international communities for formulating a sustainable
development strategy on climate change, by conducting cooperative research
in the sustainable utilization of marine ecological resources, exploitation
and utilization of marine renewable resources, technology on energy saving
and emission reduction, to promote the conservation of marine ecological
environment and sustainable utilization of marine resources, to provide
technical support and service to solve the problems of global warming
and energy crisis, and to contribute to the establishment of a marine
ecological civilization and a harmonized living environment.
I wish the meeting great success, and all the participants good health. Have a pleasant stay in Dalian! Thank
OP Endnote 3
Welcome address on behalf of the host city
by Mr. Deren Xia
Mr. Chairman, distinguished Deputy Administrator of the State Oceanic
Administration, Mr. Lianzeng Chen, ladies and gentlemen: On the occasion of the opening of the PICES
Seventeenth Annual Meeting, I would like to, on behalf of the Dalian Municipal
Government and its citizens, extend our warmest welcome to the Contracting
Parties of the North Pacific Marine Science Organization and all the experts
and friends here, and express our congratulations on the successful opening
of the meeting!
the east coast of Eurasia and the southern tip of the Liaodong
Peninsula, Dalian is surrounded by the sea on three sides,
and backed up by the vast Northeast Plain of China on the north. With a population of 6 million, it covers a land
area of 12,500 square kilometers.
Dalian is an important port, trade, finance, industry and tourism
city. The Dalian Port
carries on trade and business with more than 300 ports in more than 160
countries and areas. It accounts
for the majority of sea cargo and foreign trade container transportation
in the whole northern area. The
Airport, the largest in Northeast
China, offers flights to 133 domestic and international destinations,
including 92 cities in 15 countries. It ranked the 4th in China in terms of international passenger
volume in 2007.
among the first batch of cities being opened to the outside world, is
home to Northeast China’s Economy and Technology Development Zone of national-level,
the Hi-Tech Industrial Zone and the only Bonded Port Area in Northeast
China. Foreign investors have set 12,900 enterprises, including
88 Fortune 500 companies who have invested in nearly 200 projects, with
an actual utilized foreign capital of USD 30 billion.
the conference and exhibition center of Northeast China, Dalian has held the World Chinese Insurance
Convention, the APEC Summit, the 5th ASEM Economic Ministers’
Meeting, and the WTO Small-scale Ministers’ Meeting in recent years, and
was the host of the annual meeting of Summer Davos 2007.
has been appraised with the Global 500 Award and Habitat Scroll of Honor
Award by the UN, China’s
Model City of Environmental Protection, and is among the first batch of
National Civilized Cities, as well. In
2007, Dalian won the honorary title of
the Best Tourist
City of China by both the World Tourism Organization
of the UN and the National Tourism Administration.
the theme of "Beyond observations
to achieving understanding and forecasting in a changing North Pacific:
Forward to the FUTURE", the PICES Seventeenth Annual Meeting holds
11 sessions, such as linking biology, chemistry, and physics in observational
systems, species succession and long-term data set analysis, coastal upwelling
processes and their ecological effects, etc.,
which will further promote the common development of the North Pacific
coast line of Dalian is 1906 kilometers
long, and the sea area under the jurisdiction of Dalian is 23,000 hectares. The output value of aquaculture is 30% higher
than that of the fishing industry, and the annual output values of the
fishery reaches 17 billion yuan (RMB). The
port logistics bring 60 billion RMB to GDP growth. The total revenue of tourism is 12.6 billion
RMB, of which the sea-oriented tour program is the mainstay. So, the Dalian
Municipal Government attaches great importance to the oceanic development
and administration and conducts function zoning in marine areas. By sticking to the principle of "development
with protection and protection benefits development", the Dalian Municipal
Government makes rational use of oceanic resources. With respect to the waste water entering the
sea, the environmental protection policies, such as the control of aggregated
pollutants and discharge limits, should be executed strictly. Dalian
has been a leader in avoiding global warming, saving energy and reducing
carbon dioxide discharge in recent years. The
city achieves the goals of energy conservation, coal conservation and
emission reduction by implementing the central heating system and demolishing
heating boilers that fail to conform to the standard of environmental
protection facilities. Therefore,
you can feel fresh air in our city as very few chimneys are here.
Dalian is well-known for the sea of which our citizens are
proud. The inter-tidal zone and
offshore sea areas are not only important resources, but are also places
for citizens to enjoy the sea as well as the sea-routes leading to all
over the world. We have made great efforts for about 2 years
to successfully solve the problems caused by mariculture buoyant rafts,
such as destroying the seashore scenery, bearing unfavorable influences
on citizens who would like to appreciate the sea, as well as blocking
the sea channel. We will strive to build Dalian into an ecological coastal city which
is harmonious with the environment by deploying artificial reefs around
the offshore zones in order to attract more marine creatures to inhabit
the future, the latest research findings of PICES will be applied increasingly
to the project of "blue sky, blue sea and green land", and in response,
the successful experience of Dalian in sea planning and administration
will be exchanged and transferred to PICES. I believe the achievements
of PICES, the stage combining the science and management of the sea, will
further benefit the city and our citizens.
sincerely hope that experts and friends from all over the world could
tour around Dalian
and enjoy the charm of this city when you finish the sessions of the meeting.
will listen attentively to your wise and far-sighted ideas, and also contribute
willingly to the development of PICES.
may the meeting succeed! Thank
OP Endnote 4
Remarks at the Opening Session by Dr. Laura
Chairman, distinguished guests and colleagues:
On behalf of Canada
and the Canadian delegation, I would like to thank the People’s Republic
of China and the State Oceanic Administration for
inviting us here to the beautiful coastal city of Dalian. We appreciate the hard work of the Local Organizing
Committee and the PICES Secretariat in preparing for this meeting.
has been an auspicious year for China
as host to the 2008 Summer Olympic and Para-Olympic Games. Many Canadians were glued to their television
sets, enjoying the wonderful games and ceremonies. We would like to congratulate China on your
year has also been auspicious for marine science in Canada. We celebrated 100 years of science at St. Andrews
Biological Station on Canada’s
East Coast and the Pacific Biological Station at Nanaimo,
West Coast. Unlike our host country
of China, Canada is a young country with relatively
few institutions that are 100 years old. As part of our celebration, we hosted several
events, including the PICES Sixteenth Annual Meeting in Victoria last
year, the American Fisheries Society meeting in Ottawa, in August 2008,
and just last month, the ICES Annual Science Conference in Halifax. Our official 100th anniversary reception
was held at the Pacific Biological Station earlier this month on October
1, bringing this year-long celebration to a close.
to return to PICES, I would like to acknowledge another busy and successful
year. Canada is particularly pleased to
see the progress we have made in moving forward with FUTURE, our next
major science program and its implementation plan, although we still have
more work to do. FUTURE gives us
the opportunity to ensure that PICES stays relevant by developing products
that make our scientific knowledge available to decision makers and the
broader community. We also have the opportunity to ensure that the
science conducted within PICES is aligned with the current priorities
and information needs of member countries. I
encourage everyone to participate in the discussions about the FUTURE
Implementation Plan which will take place this week.
Let’s get it right so that PICES can continue to lead marine science
in the North Pacific.
Remarks at the Opening Session by Dr. Yukimasa
Mr. Chairman, distinguished delegates, ladies and gentlemen: On behalf of Japan
and the Japanese delegation, I sincerely thank the Government of the People’s Republic
of China and the Local Organizing Committee for kindly
hosting the PICES Seventeenth Annual Meeting here in Dalian. Also,
I thank the PICES Secretariat for preparing for this meeting. I am sure that their excellent work will make
this a fruitful meeting.
This year, Japan
welcomed many international events. In
July, the 34th Group of Eight Summit (G8) was held in Toyako, Hokkaido. The "Environment
and climate change" was one of the major issues discussed by G8 leaders,
including those from PICES member countries.
In August, the
PICES Summer School on "Ecosystem-based
management" and the 4th PICES workshop on "The
and adjacent areas" were held in Hokkaido. The 5th World Fisheries Congress
was held in Yokohama
in October, just before this PICES Annual Meeting. Also recently, four Japanese scientists received the Nobel Prize, and
one of them was a scientist who studied jellyfish in the United States. As such, the environment and ocean and fishery
sciences were hot topics in Japan this year. The Government of Japan will continue to promote
scientific research on these key issues, and I thank all of you for your
cooperation now and in the future.
Japan is very pleased with the ongoing success of PICES activities,
including the PICES project entitled "Development of the prevention
systems for harmful organisms’ expansion in the Pacific
Rim," which is supported by a special Japanese Trust Fund.
The goals of this project are to develop international systems
to collect, exchange, and store relevant data on non-indigenous species
in the North Pacific Ocean (and beyond), and to foster partnerships with
non-PICES member countries and related international organizations.
Japan hopes that these activities will contribute
to the establishment of an information network throughout the Pacific Rim, and will serve to encourage and promote the
abilities of scientists in developing countries to address this growing
Also at this
Annual Meeting, an implementation plan for a new PICES integrated science
program called FUTURE is scheduled to be discussed. This program is focused on marine environmental
issues, especially in the coastal areas of each member country.
Japan expects that the activities
of FUTURE will provide valuable knowledge not only to scientists but also
to ordinary citizens and policy makers in PICES member countries and other
nations around the world.
Finally, I hope the coordinated activities of the PICES scientific
community will foster the international cooperation needed to carry out
our important tasks more effectively.
I wish productive days to every participant here in Dalian. Thank
you very much.
OP Endnote 6
Remarks at the Opening Session by Mr. Doan Jeong (Republic of Korea)
Dr. Tokio Wada (Chairman of PICES), Dr. Alexander Bychkov (Executive Secretary
of PICES), Mr. Lianzeng Chen (Deputy Administrator of the State Oceanic
Administration), Mr. Deren Xia (Mayor of Dalian), distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen:
First of all, on behalf of the Republic of Korea and the Korean
delegation, I would like to extend my appreciation to the Government of
the People’s Republic of China for this wonderful arrangement of the Seventeenth
Annual Meeting of PICES.
In recent years, we
have witnessed too many abnormal events resulting from climate change,
such as global warming or sea level rise.
Rapid changes in the ocean and ecosystem could pose serious problems,
especially in the North Pacific region.
Now it is high time to make concerted efforts to respond to such
climate change and to prevent another severe disaster.
In this regard, I believe the theme of this year’s PICES Annual
Meeting, "Beyond observations to achieving, understanding and forecasting in a changing
North Pacific: Forward to the FUTURE" is very timely and appropriate.
Ladies and gentlemen:
Korea is always ready to take part
in every issue of PICES, and cooperate with other member countries to
accomplish the purposes of PICES. In
this context, I am delighted to inform you that the Republic of Korea
is to host the PICES Eighteenth Annual Meeting in 2009, under the theme
of "Understanding ecosystem dynamics, and pursuing
ecosystem approaches to management." I hope to see all of you at the next Annual
Meeting in Jeju, and also suggest that you to take the opportunity to
enjoy the beautiful scenery of this southern island
In addition, I would
like to introduce to you the World Expo 2012 to be held in Yeosu, Korea,
under the theme of "The Living ocean
and coast: Diversity of resources and sustainable activities". I am confident that the World Expo 2012 will
raise common interests in the sustainable development of the ocean, and
serve as valuable opportunities to strengthen cooperation among the North
Lastly, I would like
to extend my special thanks to all the staff of the PICES Secretariat
and the Local Organizing Committee for their efforts and hard work to
make this meeting a success. Thank
you very much.
Remarks at the Opening Session by Dr. Lev
N. Bocharov (Russian
Dear Mr. Chairman, Dr. Tokio
Wada, dear Mr. Lianzeng
Chen, dear National Representatives, dear participants, ladies and gentlemen:
First of all, I would like to thank our Chinese colleagues for
the invitation to the beautiful city of Dalian. It is a perfect place for the Annual Meeting
of PICES to be held! On behalf
of the Russian delegation I would like to express my gratitude to the
Local Organizing Committee and the PICES Secretariat for the great amount
of work carried out to prepare for the meeting.
For the past 17 years since the moment the Organization
was established, the scope of PICES activities has increased a lot.
A large amount of work is being carried out between the Annual Meetings. Our relations with other international
organizations and programs have greatly strengthened, and the cooperation
with them is successfully developing. In the North Pacific region, one of our closest
allies is the North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission (NPAFC). In October 2007, the TINRO-Centre, on behalf
of the Russian Federation Government, hosted the NPAFC Fifteenth Annual
Meeting in Vladivostok.
As an observer from the largest
Organizations studying the Pacific Ocean,
it was my honor to represent PICES at that meeting. A constantly increasing number
of participants and observers from many organizations and programs, with an interest in the study and use of the
world ocean, is a confirmation of growing interest in PICES around
Furthermore, the need to increasing the number
of countries participating
in PICES activities keeps
again, I would like to note that the Russian Federation has always paid
great attention to the study of the world ocean, and PICES’ growing activities
receive our regular support and are highly appreciated in our country. Further still, Russia stands for the development
and perfection of PICES activities. We
especially value the coordinating role of PICES in the realization of
large integrative scientific programs, such as the Climate Change and
Carrying Capacity (CCCC) Program and FUTURE.
lots of changes will occur in ocean science in general, and in fishery
science in particular during the first half of this century. An ecosystem approach to the study of the ocean
will be widely used for opening up new sea resources and developing mariculture
by all the countries. PICES as
a progressive scientific organization is ready to take a worthy place
in this process.
conclude my speech, I wish all the participants of the PICES Seventeenth
Annual Meeting successful and fruitful work – a lot of problems have to
be considered and a lot of important decisions have to be made. Thank you.
OP Endnote 8
Remarks at the Opening Session by Dr. George
United States and its
PICES delegation are very pleased to participate in the Seventeenth Annual
Meeting of PICES here in Dalian. We are fortunate to be able to visit this beautiful
port city in northern China,
and congratulate the People’s Republic of China on a very successful 2008 Olympic
challenges facing our climate, our oceans, and our marine ecosystems require
scientific research that transcends the capability of any one nation to
undertake. These challenges, indeed,
transcend our national boundaries. Yet
the impacts of changes to earth systems affect us all. In the North Pacific, PICES has stimulated the
cooperation to help fill this need in ocean science. The reach of PICES goes even further by collaborating
with ICES (International Council for the Exploration of the Sea), IOC
(Inter-governmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO), and other organizations,
in preparing and convening such events as the recent Gijón symposium on
"Effects of climate change on the world’s oceans."
addition to the valuable contributions by PICES scientific committees,
working groups, and other collaboration, the scientific programs are timely
and provide cutting-edge science. The
new synthesis from the Climate Change and Carrying Capacity (CCCC) Program
– "Climate variability and ecosystem impacts on the North Pacific: A basin-scale synthesis" has recently been published.
At this meeting, we will move forward with studying the implementation
plan for FUTURE, a new PICES integrative science program, and address
new scientific challenges.
this Seventeenth Annual Meeting of PICES, we will see the full development
plans for FUTURE, as well as other new initiatives. New approaches for exchange of scientific information
through marine science libraries will be discussed. The Study Group on Communications will deliberate on how PICES may better communicate
important scientific matters to managers and citizens alike. It is exciting for all of us to be part of the
growth and evolution of PICES.
new uses of the marine environment continue to emerge. Offshore aquaculture is under development in
many parts of the world ocean. Many
nations are planning for development of renewable marine energy sources
from waves, tides, or currents. Each
of these new uses will require scientific study, and PICES will continue
to serve as a forum to develop new scientific cooperation.
delegation looks forward to this meeting and the advances it will bring. We thank the People’s Republic of China, the city of Dalian,
and the State Oceanic Administration for hosting this meeting and also
look forward to learning more about Dalian.
OP Endnote 9
Remarks at the Opening Session by Dr. Zhanhai Zhang (People’s Republic
Mr. Chairman, Deputy Administrator Mr. Lianzeng Chen, Mayor Deren Xia,
honourable guests, ladies and gentlemen:
Autumn is the season of harvesting.
The Seventeenth Annual Meeting of PICES is successfully opened
in Dalian, which provides us
a great opportunity to share new information and products, learn from
each other and explore new cooperation fields.
Please allow me, on behalf of the Department of International Cooperation
of the State Oceanic Administration (SOA), and the Chinese delegation,
to extend our warmest welcome to all the participants, and express our
sincere thanks to the senior officials for your involvement!
its establishment in 1992, with the joint efforts from all the Contracting
Parties, PICES has developed as an important inter-governmental marine
scientific organization in the North Pacific, playing an vital role in
the fields of enhancement of marine scientific research and improvement
of coordination among the Contracting Parties.
Meanwhile, PICES has also initiated large-scale international scientific
programs, and implemented a series of scientific activities accordingly. Through the implementation of these programs
and activities, the research capacity of the Contracting Parties has been
enhanced in basic marine science, ocean and climate change, marine ecological
environment conservation and sustainable use of marine resources. The relationships among the Contracting Parties
have been strengthened, and achievement has been made to help people to
understand the ocean, utilize the ocean and save the ocean.
2005, PICES initiated a new program named "Forecasting
and Understanding Trends and Responses of North Pacific Marine Ecosystems"
(FUTURE). As an integrative large-scale
scientific program, FUTURE aims to help understand how marine ecosystems
in the North Pacific respond to climate change and human activities, to
forecast ecosystem status based on a contemporary understanding of how
nature functions, and to communicate new insights to its members, governments,
stakeholders and the public. I
believe, with the collective support and efforts from relevant governments,
research institutions and scientists, we will make great progress on this
its involvement in PICES, China
has put a lot of emphasis on, and took very active part in PICES activities,
and at the same time, shouldered the responsibility and made contributions
to the development together with other Contracting Parties. In the future, China will continue to support PICES
by encouraging more involvement and cooperation. We also hope that through the implementation
of FUTURE, we can achieve a better understanding of the responding mechanism
of the marine ecosystem in the North Pacific to climate change and human
activities, improve the capacity of forecasting and understanding the
trends and development of marine ecosystem in the North Pacific, and help
to adapt to climate change and make sustainable utilization of the marine
am very glad that the Seventeenth Annual Meeting of PICES is held in Dalian, with more than 400 scientists from the U.S., Russia,
Canada, Japan, Korea,
as well as other non-PICES member countries.
The theme of the meeting is "Beyond
observation to achieving understanding and forecasting in a changing North
Pacific: Forward to the FUTURE". In the forthcoming week, all the scientists
will share information and new scientific output in the following sub-topics:
species succession and long-term data set analysis pertaining to
harmful algal blooms, ecosystem-based fisheries management, mariculture
technology and husbandry for alternate and developing culture species,
coastal upwelling processes and their ecological effects, marine system
forecast models, consequences of non-indigenous species introductions,
and connecting the human and natural dimension of marine ecosystems and
marine management in the PICES context, etc.
hope that the meeting would be a wonderful gathering for people to share
new products in marine scientific research, marine technology and ocean
management, and a free platform for people to explore new fields, generate
new ideas, formulate new proposals and implement new projects. We also hope that all the participants could
open a dialogue to contribute to further development of marine scientific
research and sustainable development of an economic society in the North
I wish the meeting great success! I
wish all of you a pleasant stay in Dalian! Thank you.
OP Endnote 10
Welcome address by Dr. Tokio Wada (Chairman
Lianzeng Chen, Mr. Deren Xia, distinguished delegates, guests, ladies
and gentlemen: Welcome to the Seventeenth
Annual Meeting of PICES. On behalf
of the entire PICES community, I would like to express our hearty thanks
to the Government of the People’s Republic of China, to the Dalian Municipal Government,
and to the Local Organizing Committee for their hospitality and hard work
in organizing this Annual Meeting.
2004, PICES has been developing a new integrative scientific program called
FUTURE, an acronym for "Forecasting and Understanding of Trends, Uncertainty and
Responses of North Pacific Marine Ecosystems". Its Science Plan was adopted by the Governing
Council at the last Annual Meeting in Victoria,
Canada. We will discuss the Implementation Plan at this
Annual Meeting, with a view toward initiating the program from next year.
you know, FUTURE is a successor to the PICES-GLOBEC Climate Change and
Carrying Capacity (CCCC) Program, our first integrative science program. The understanding of responses of North Pacific
marine ecosystems to climate change is still a key issue of FUTURE. Therefore, its success will depend on the scientific
legacies of the CCCC Program. On
the other hand, FUTURE has some new aspects. It will evaluate the human dimensions of ecosystem
dynamics, and it will improve the communication of scientific results
to policymakers and stakeholders. These
are based on the requests from the Contracting Parties and a necessity
of PICES itself. From this point
of view, we could say that FUTURE is the first PICES-oriented integrative
the beginning of October, this year’s recipients of the Nobel Prize for
physics and chemistry were announced.
Their prize-winning results were achieved more than 40 years ago,
when they were early career scientists.
The successive studies for several decades by many other scientists
evaluated the validity of those findings.
This clearly shows that scientific breakthroughs can be achieved
by the flexible thinking of young scientists.
The succession of scientific legacy through passing generations
is important for scientific seeds to blossom out into fruitful results.
I sincerely hope that many young scientists will join in the implementation
of FUTURE and open the frontiers of North Pacific marine science.
this Annual Meeting, we have many interesting sessions under its overall
theme, "Beyond observations to achieving
understanding and forecasting in changing North Pacific: Forward to the
FUTURE". Various environmental issues, including ecosystem-based
aquaculture technique, are appropriate topics to be discussed in this
meeting held in China,
a leading country of studies in ocean environment and aquaculture science
in the world.
Annual Meeting will also be a turning point in the administration of PICES.
Since the Fifteenth Annual Meeting, we have been discussing ways
to collaborate with non-member countries and other organizations.
Now, it is nearing the time to make some decision.
recognition of the recent severe financial and economic situation, we
must find a way to adjust our activities to fit within what can be allowed
by the financial condition of all our Contracting Parties and the Organization.
The Annual Meeting is also not an exception.
At this Annual Meeting, I am hoping to discuss the restructuring
of PICES Annual Meetings to lessen the financial burden on Contracting
Parties and PICES.
I expect that this meeting will achieve many fruitful results not only
in science, but also in administration, and will be a memorable one in
the history of PICES. Thank you
OP Endnote 11
Science Board citation for 2008 Wooster
2000, PICES established an award in honor of Dr. Warren S. Wooster, the
principal founder and first Chairman of PICES, and world renowned researcher
and statesman in the area of climate variability and fisheries production. The award is to be given annually to an individual
who has made significant scientific contributions to North Pacific marine
science; has achieved sustained excellence in research, teaching, administration
or a combination of these in the area of the North Pacific; has worked
to integrate the various disciplines of the marine sciences; and preferably
someone who is, or has been, active in PICES.
recipients of the Wooster Award were Michael Mullin (2001), Yutaka Nagata
(2002), William Pearcy (2003), Paul LeBlond (2004), Daniel Ware (2005),
Makoto Kashiwai (2006) and Kenneth Denman (2007).
Today, it gives me great pleasure to announce that the Wooster
Award for 2008 is given to
Dr. Charles Miller, a nationally and internationally distinguished biological
oceanographer specializing in studies of zooplankton.
Charles Miller, Charlie to most of his colleagues, grew up far from the
ocean, in Minnesota, and did his undergraduate
studies at Carleton College in Northfield,
Minnesota, where he graduated
with a stellar academic record. Charlie
did not follow his father into medicine; instead, his interests tended
to marine biology and biological oceanography, stimulated perhaps by a
summer course taught by Joel Hedgepeth at a marine station. Charlie enrolled in a Ph.D. program at Scripps
Institution of Oceanography, where he was a student of John McGowan.
At Scripps, Charlie was exposed to the multidisciplinary ecosystem
work of the CalCOFI program. Other influential mentors while at Scripps were
Abe Fleminger, Ed Fager, and Reuben Lasker.
receiving his Ph.D., Charlie spent a year in New Zealand as a National Science
Foundation (NSF) fellow. In 1970,
Charlie obtained an Assistant Professor position at Oregon State University
(OSU) and landed in an office that he continues to occupy daily as an
emeritus professor of Oceanography. His
early career at OSU was marked by research on the early life history of
plankton and fish in the Oregon coastal upwelling region; this work was
collaborative with OSU faculty members Bill Pearcy (the 2003 Wooster Award
recipient) and Jeff Gonor, and provided research opportunities and training
for postdocs and technicians like Sally Richardson and Bill Peterson and
training for several students. Key
papers that came out of this work included descriptions of zooplankton
community structure off Oregon and recognition
of the strong seasonality in zooplankton species composition caused by
north–south reversals of currents.
understand the ecology of marine zooplankton, Charlie believes there is
no substitute for observing their morphology, behavior and ecology. His observations of zooplankton led to descriptions
of how copepod teeth were formed using silica, and how these patterns
could inform development stage and the molting cycle of copepods. He also used more traditional incubation-based
methods to quantify development rates and describe growth rules in copepods
(work done collaboratively with his Ph.D. student, Ken Johnson).
Also important are Charlie’s studies of the phenology and life
history of several dominant subarctic oceanic copepods and chaetognaths,
done with several collaborators and students, and his investigations describing
copepod sex determination and mating behavior.
and Bruce Frost of the University
of Washington realized
in the late 1970s that the Canadian Ocean Weathership program that had
been ongoing at Station PAPA in the eastern subarctic Pacific was nearing
an end, as the primary functions of weather data observations from the
weathership were being replaced by satellite observations.
With funding from the National Science Foundation and the cooperation
of the Canadian Coast Guard and Institute of Ocean Sciences, Charlie initiated
frequent (ca. weekly) net-plankton
sampling at PAPA, that provided a one and one-half year time series of
depth-stratified samples to 2000 meters.
At the time, and perhaps to this day, that sample set is still
the best long-term, vertically resolved time series for describing the
population dynamics and phenology of oceanic Pacific zooplankton.
results from the weathership sampling sowed the seeds for future big-program
interdisciplinary ocean research to understand the spring–summertime dynamics
of the planktonic ecosystem of the eastern subarctic Pacific. Project SUPER was a large, multidisciplinary
group of scientists (including Pat Wheeler, Mike Dagg, Mike Landry, Suzanne
Strom, Bruce Frost, Nick Welshmeyer, Hal Batchelder, Dave Mackas and the
2007 Wooster Award recipient, Ken Denman).
The SUPER synthesis, which attributes the lack of spring blooms
to both grazers and iron limitation, remains the right way to see the
functioning of iron-limited HNLC systems.
It was at this time that Charlie described and named Neocalanus
flemingeri, and wrote the early papers about the life history of this
important North Pacific copepod.
research on zooplankton and pelagic ecology in the oceanic subarctic Pacific
spans more than 40 years—beginning with graduate student cruises at Scripps
in the summer of 1964, his sampling at Station PAPA in the early 1970s
and later from the weatherships and during SUPER, and continuing with
his intellectual leadership in the OECOS program.
Charlie’s research extends to the North Atlantic
also, especially for Calanus finmarchicus, but that is a tale for
another time. Charlie has published
more than 60 scientific papers, half of these as senior author, and 9
of these as sole author. He also
authored a widely used text book on biological oceanography.
has provided extensive service at national and international levels. Within the U.S., he has served on NSF review
panels, the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Scientific and Technical Advisory Committee,
and for six years—two years as Chair—on the UNOLS Advisory Council. UNOLS is the organization that provides short-
and long-term planning of the U.S. oceanographic research fleet.
Charlie has contributed to ICES Working Groups and PICES activities. Since 2000, Charlie has chaired the PICES CPR
Advisory Panel. Through his leadership,
along with that of Sonia Batten, Dave Welch and others, PICES has established
a North Pacific CPR survey. Charlie
and Tom Ikeda organized the first OECOS (Oceanic Ecodynamics Comparison
in the Subarctic Pacific) workshop, and Charlie continues as Co-Chair
has served on the editorial boards of Limnology and Oceanography, Plankton
Biology and Ecology of the Plankton Society of Japan, and Progress
in Oceanography. He served
as Co-Editor-in-Chief of Progress in Oceanography from 2003–2006.
Miller mentored and advised (as major professor) ten Master’s degree students
and five Ph.D. students at Oregon
and served on the committees of countless other oceanography students. Charlie has, without doubt, positively influenced
most biological oceanography students who have passed through Oregon State
University in the
past 30-plus years.
bestowed upon Charlie include being a fellow of the American Association
for the Advancement of Science, receiving the best presentation award
at the 1997 ICES Annual Science Conference, and receiving the Excellence
in Mentoring Award (2001) and Excellence in Teaching Award (2003) from
the College of Oceanic
and Atmospheric Sciences at Oregon
State University. At the PICES co-sponsored Third International
Zooplankton Production Symposium in Gijón,
2003, Charlie provided the closing remarks about exciting new developments
and progress being achieved in the field of zooplankton ecology. He was chosen for this honor due to his expertise
in the field, but perhaps also, to his longevity in the field.
though retired, Charlie is intellectually challenging to those around
him and full of creative energy. For
the past 5 to 10 years, Charlie has been socially proactive within his
local community in Oregon. He has organized community forums to inform
the general public about pressing social issues—including, but not limited
to, forums on health care issues, global warming and associated social
changes, energy alternatives to oil, and war and peace issues.
summary, Charlie is a teacher, mentor and good citizen of planet Earth.
Charlie’s ability to identify big scientific
issues, formulate plans and assemble scientific teams, and to carry the
research through to synthesis and publication has clearly increased understanding
of subarctic ecosystems and zooplankton phenology. He has contributed greatly to the goal of national
and international cooperation and collaboration on North
Pacific ocean research in general, and through PICES, specifically.
He is extremely qualified for, and a worthy recipient of, the Warren
Wooster Award of PICES, and we are pleased to honor him today with this
join me in a round of applause for Professor Charlie Miller, the 2008
recipient of the Warren Wooster Award.
OP Endnote 12
Board citation for 2008 PICES Ocean Monitoring Service Award
advances in marine science are often based on ocean observations. Long-term observations are particularly important
for detecting and understanding ecosystem change because major shifts
in ecosystem structure and function occur over long temporal periods. It is widely recognized that these fundamental
activities often lack the glamour and respect that typically accompanies
other types of scientific achievement even though these other achievements
rely on monitoring and observation. It is unfortunate that monitoring activities
are often taken for granted and are frequently targeted for budget cuts
when countries experience financial constraints or hardships.
this in mind, PICES recently established a new award to recognize the
sustained accomplishments of those engaged in monitoring data management,
and communication. The PICES Ocean
Monitoring Service Award (POMA) was established to recognize organizations,
groups and outstanding individuals that have contributed significantly
to the advancement of marine science in the North Pacific through long-term
ocean monitoring and data management and communication.
January of this year, PICES announced the award and solicited nominations
for the very first POMA. The nominations
were considered in April and the Science Board was unanimous in their
decision. It is my pleasure to announce that the training
ship T/S Oshoro-maru of Hokkaido University is the first recipient of the
PICES Ocean Monitoring Service Award.
first Oshoro-maru was built
in 1909. The 31-meter wooden topsail
schooner equipped with a 63 horsepower engine was modeled after those
vessels used in the Gloucester
cod fishery. It was named for a
bay on Hokkaido, Japan. The bay, then an important fishing ground for
Pacific herring, was the ship’s first home port. In 1927, Oshoro-maru
I was replaced by Oshoro-maru
II, a 42-m steel barkentine with a 500 horsepower diesel engine. In 1955, the faculty of Hokkaido University
greatly expanded their mission both geographically and thematically, adding
meteorological observation, seawater analysis, plankton and larval fish
collections, dredging and sea surface temperature measurement. In 1955, the ship made her first foreign port
call during a North Pacific cruise to Seattle. This was the first visit by a Japanese government
ship to the U.S.
since the end of the World War II. One
of the prominent scientific accomplishments of Oshoro-maru II was Professor Naoichi Inoue’s "marine snow" research
in 1952 conducted from the submersible "Kuroshio" for which Oshoro maru II served as the mother ship.
1962, Oshoro-maru III, a 67-m
stern trawler with 2000 horsepower engine, was launched. She continued the important contributions made
by the faculty of Hokkaido University by increasing monitoring activities in the
North Pacific and the Bering Sea. This led to an increase in the degree of international
collaboration. Since 1962, more
than 100 scientists from outside of Japan have participated on her cruises.
Oshoro-maru IV, the current vessel, began her tenure in 1984. She is a 73-m stern trawler equipped with 3,200
horse power engine. She has 13
officers and 27 crew and the capacity for 6 researchers and 60 students. Oshoro-maru
II, III and IV have made more than 90 port calls to nearly 20 ports
on her North Pacific cruises, while primarily conducting research in the
Bering Sea and North Pacific Ocean. The
sampling includes physical, chemical and biological oceanography as well
as fisheries. The data from the
North Pacific cruises have been published annually since 1957 in the Faculty
of Fisheries "Data Record of Oceanographic Observations and
Exploratory Fishing" and are now available on a CD published by the
Data Center. Data from experimental fishing and other associated
biological sampling are being organized in a new database that will soon
be publicly available. This will
contribute to our ability to understand the response of North Pacific
marine ecosystems to climate change.
observations made aboard Oshoro-maru
have contributed to the rapid progress of marine scientific research in
the region. The annual summer cruises
since 1955 have allowed long-term ecosystem observations, and have advanced
cooperative research among PICES countries.
Through the T/S Oshoro maru,
members of the Faculty of Fisheries, Hokkaido University have actively
promoted cooperative investigations among universities and research institutes
of PICES countries, such as the University of Alaska, University of Washington,
University of Hawaii, Oregon State University, University of British Columbia,
NOAA – Alaska Fisheries Science Center, and Institute of Ocean Sciences
of Fisheries and Oceans Canada, as examples.
More than 250 scientific papers have been published using the data
collected during Oshoro-maru
almost 50 years of hydrographic, nutrient, zooplankton, and chlorophyll
data of Hokkaido University
are invaluable for addressing current scientific problems of the North Pacific Ocean. The
Faculty of Fisheries showed great foresight in establishing their vessel
as one of the principle sampling tools of the North
Pacific Ocean. They
have generously shared their ship time and observations with the international
community and today we recognize and reward their accomplishments.
OP Endnote 13
"Wave-tide-circulation coupled model: To improve the forecasting ability for FUTURE"
Abstract of the keynote lecture by Dr. Fangli Qiao
of Oceanography, State Oceanic
Administration, People’s Republic of China)
mixing is essentially an energy balance problem, surface waves should
play a controlling role in the upper ocean as they are the most energetic
motions. Unfortunately, in most ocean dynamics studies,
wave motions have always been treated separately from the ocean circulation.
So most ocean circulation models have overlooked
the role of the surface waves, or just considered wave breaking effects.
Consequently, these models have
produced insufficient vertical mixing and this resulted in an under-prediction
of the mixed layer depth and an over-prediction of the sea surface temperature,
particularly during the summer season. As
the ocean surface layer determines the lower boundary conditions of the
atmosphere, this deficiency has severely limited the performance of the
coupled ocean–atmospheric models and hence climate studies. To overcome this shortcoming, we have established
a new theory on the wave-induced vertical mixing that will correct this
systematic error due to insufficient mixing. This wave-induced vertical mixing is due to
Stokes drift rather than wave breaking. Our
studies indicate that the wave-induced mixing penetration depth can reach
nearly 100m in high latitudes and about 30m in tropical areas. The new scheme has enabled the mixing layer to
deepen, and shows an excellent agreement with observed climatologic data.
Different OGCMs such as POM, ROMS and HIM show similar improvements, and
this surface wave correction can alleviate the too-cold tongue in the
tropical area of CCSM3 which is a common problem for all climate models
without flux correction. In shallow coastal waters, tidal current-induced
vertical mixing is very important for the formation of temperature fronts.
So a wave-tide-circulation coupled model has been set up. This
new generation ocean circulation model can improve the forecasting ability
of temperature, salinity and currents.