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Session 11. MEQ/FIS Topic Session
Identifying vulnerable marine ecosystems in the North Pacific Co-sponsored by NPFMC

Co-Convenors: R. Ian Perry (Canada) and Chang-Ik Zhang (Korea)

The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) have been encouraging the sustainable use of marine living resources by the identification of vulnerable marine ecosystems (VMEs) and ecologically and biological significant areas (EBSAs), in particular but not exclusively in international waters, and have developed criteria. The broad purpose for identifying such areas is to prevent significant adverse impacts and to protect the marine biodiversity and services that these ecosystems provide.

To achieve these objectives, researchers and managers must be able to identify areas where VMEs are known, or are likely, to occur. Outstanding questions related to VME identification include: (1) what characteristics should be used to classify these systems, (2) how can current information on VMEs and EBSAs be consolidated, and (3) how can models which predict the locations of such areas be developed and tested. PICES member countries are beginning to identify VMEs that meet a variety of biological and socio-economic objectives. However, no comprehensive comparison of the different methods or assessment of their performance against established ecological, social and economic objectives exists to provide guidance on the appropriate tools to be used. This session will bring together researchers and managers engaged in ecosystem-based management to address two objectives: (1) to compare current approaches and datasets used to identify VMEs/EBSA by different member countries in order to develop a list of appropriate tools and (2) to explore how the criteria for these areas (such as defined in the FAO Guidelines FIEP/R881 and CBD Resolution UNEP/CBD/COP/DEC/IX/20) can be used to identify VME/EBSA-type areas in the high-seas of the North Pacific Ocean. Both benthic/demersal and pelagic systems will be considered, as they may have different characteristics. Presentations and methods developed for shelf and coastal waters are welcome to the extent that they provide guidance and case studies for open ocean situations. This review of international experiences with applying approaches and data to identify VMEs and EBSAs will contribute to the international discussion and evaluation of these issues, and to the application of measures to protect these significant regions.

Wednesday, October 27, 2010

Edward J. Gregr, Andrea Rambeau and R. Ian Perry
Identifying ecologically and biologically sensitive areas in the eastern North Pacific (S11-6772)
(pdf, 1.9 Mb)


Doo-Nam Kim, Jae-Bong Lee, Kyu-Jin Seok and Dong Woo Lee
Investigating Vulnerable Marine Ecosystems (VMEs) from Korean distant-water fisheries (S11-6829)
(pdf, 1 Mb)


Steven J. Parker and David A. Bowden
Criteria to select benthic invertebrate taxa to monitor potential impacts to vulnerable marine ecosystems: Lessons from the Southern Ocean (S11-6496)
(permission to post denied, contact presenter)


Glen Jamieson
Moving from EBSAs to a protected area network: Framework considerations and progress challenges in Canada’s Pacific waters (S11-6702)
(pdf, 2.1 Mb)


Jessica L. Finney, Isabelle M. Côté, Randall M. Peterman and Edward J. Gregr
Using the overlap of predicted cold-water coral habitat and bottom-contact fisheries to identify vulnerable marine ecosystems in British Columbia, Canada (S11-6571)
(pdf, 1.9 Mb)

Takeshi Hayashibara, Mai Miyamoto and Takashi Yanagimoto (Invited)
Investigation of the cold-water corals in the Emperor Seamount Area by Fisheries Agency of Japan (S11-6603)
(permission to post denied, contact presenter)
Yukimasa Ishida, Kazuaki Tadokoro, Akihiko Yatsu and Mitsutaku Makino
Japanese-type marine protected areas (MPAs) and their contributions to biodiversity and fisheries in Tosa Bay, southern Japan (S11-6560)
(pdf, 1.5 Mb)
Robert M. Suryan, Jarrod A. Santora and William J. Sydeman
Biological “hotspots” of the California Current revealed by satellite imagery: Temporal and spatial variability and implications for biodiversity conservation (S11-6765)
(permission to post denied, contact presenter)
Jarrod A. Santora, William J. Sydeman, John Field, Robert M. Suryanand Stephen Ralston
“Hot zones” of krill in the California Current: Application to marine spatial management? (S11-6703)
(waiting for permission)
Jaime Jahncke, Nadav Nur, Lance Morgan and Astrid Scholz
Identifying vulnerable marine ecosystems in the California Current System (S11-6777)
(pdf, 1.2 Mb)
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